PSYC 2450 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Long-Term Memory, Noam Chomsky, Language Acquisition Device

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What must children learn to master their native language? (text p 390) Rules: phonology (rules for combining sounds, morphology (how words formed from sounds, syntax (how words combined into sentences) P(cid:396)ag(cid:373)ati(cid:272)s (cid:894)pi(cid:374)ke(cid:396) (cid:271)elie(cid:448)es is diffe(cid:396)e(cid:374)t f(cid:396)o(cid:373) (cid:858)la(cid:374)guage(cid:859)(cid:895), to do (cid:449)ith so(cid:272)ioli(cid:374)guisti(cid:272) k(cid:374)o(cid:449)ledge: but still a rule for how language is to be used in particular social contexts, shampoo example. Repeat only brings us back to lather and we only repeat this once. Has to do with the intentions of author. The (cid:271)asi(cid:272) p(cid:396)i(cid:374)(cid:272)iples of (cid:449)o(cid:396)ds fi(cid:396)st dis(cid:272)ussed (cid:271)(cid:455) ausse(cid:396)e (cid:858)the a(cid:396)(cid:271)it(cid:396)a(cid:396)i(cid:374)ess of the sig(cid:374)(cid:859: consider the word duck. It does not look like a duck or act like one. Had to be stored in long term memory: typical hs grad knows 60k words. 1 new word every 2 hrs from 1 year of age: 3 things need to be specified by association. Oral utterance, written counterpart, and the object that the utterance and written word signify.

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