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Chapter 17.docx

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PSYC 2450

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Chapter 17 • Television: Canadian statistics on tv viewing – More than 98% of homes have one or more tv sets – 15.3 hours/week for children 2-11 years – By age 18, more time spent watching tv than any activity (except sleeping) – Boys watch more tv than girls • The ‘Notel’ study – ‘before’ tv children higher in creativity and reading than Canadian peers with tv access – ‘after’ tv declines in reading and creativity compared to peers – Overall there are advantages and disadvantages • television literacy is the ability to – understand how information is conveyed on tv – properly interpret information • development of television literacy – piecemeal understanding in young children • actions remembered rather than goals • fictional aspect not understood – middle childhood and adolescence • interpret production features • recognize intent • effects of watching violence on tv – cartoons especially violent – violence often portrayed with humour – link between tv violence and aggression? • strong positive relationship • reciprocal – desensitization hypothesis • other messages – gender stereotypes: boys are better at math – racial/ethnic stereotypes: Asians are nerds – marketing in commercials: women spend money more – undermining health: get the flu shot • reducing harmful effects of tv – limit tv viewing, can only watch at certain times of the day – encourage appropriate
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