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PSYC 2450 Lecture Notes - Gender Role, Suggestibility, Androgyny

Course Code
PSYC 2450

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Chapter 14
Gender differences:
A person’s biological identity
Chromosomes, physical identity, and hormones
A person’s social and cultural identity
gender role standards
behaviour, value, or motive a society considers more appropriate for a specific sex
expressive role
instrumental role
gender typing
process by which children acquire gender roles
small but reliable psychological differences between sexes
verbal ability
visual/spatial abilities
mathematical ability
overt versus covert
Other possible sex differences
Activity level
Fear, timidity and risk-taking
Developmental vulnerability
Emotional expressivity/sensitivity
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Cultural myths
Sociability, suggestibility
Differences in logical and analytical ability
Influence of culture:
impact of expectations on ability and vocational opportunities
self-fulfilling prophecy
parental expectations
teachers’ expectations
three aspects of gender typing:
gender identity
gender role stereotypes
gender-typed behaviour
steps in gender identity development
discriminate males from females
labeling males and females
sex as permanent attribute
development of gender-role stereotypes
stereotyping evident at ages 2-3 years
psychological discrimination later
ages 3-7 strict conformists to stereotypes
gender intensification in adolescence
development of gender-typed behaviour
gender segregation
play style / activity level
girls and cross-sex activities in childhood
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