Class Notes (811,321)
Canada (494,649)
Psychology (3,830)
PSYC 2650 (166)
Dan Meegan (73)

PSYC2650 Lab notes 2.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
PSYC 2650
Dan Meegan

PSYC2650 – Lab notes LAB 4 – Encoding Specificity Context – reinstatement often useful in remembering; important in encoding and retrieving info - (Tulving and Thomson) experiment demonstrates way in which info is encoded greatly influences retrieval of the info context = words as word pairs Encoding specificity principle – predicts that info can only be retrieved when it is encoded in memory + retrieving info depends on manner in which info is encoded  retrieval cue in learning stage (i.e. word pair chair-table “chair” = strong retrieval cue for “table”) + encoding of the 2 words (“chair” and “table”) together during learning phase improves memory during test phase  words from strongly associated word pairs in input stage (i.e. wasp-sting) best recognized when in company of same strongly associated word in recognition stage  better than when target word (wasp) paired with another highly associated word (bee) that had not been seen in encoding phase  words from weakly associated word pairs lead to better memory for one of the words in pair than does a strongly associated cue not encoded originally  i.e. pool-ravine pool = better memory cue for ravine than abyss  match between encoding context and retrieval context facilitate memory for target - “filler” trials = new words and associations presented used in memory experiments to prevent response bias from subject Mood-congruency effect – (Bower) being in same mood at encoding and retrieval = better memory o People better at remembering happy events from diaries while in a happy mood, and sad events when in a sad mood  memory best when match between encoding and remembering phases - “contexts” effects = physical setting in which one learns and recalls info (Godden and Baddeley) scuba divers encode/retrieve words on land and water o When context for learning and recalling are same = recall more words o No context effect for recognition of words (only retrieval) LAB 5 (Fan Effect) Fan effect – shows that knowing a lot about a specific subject does not necessarily mean that you will be able to retrieve info about the topic more quickly o Tendency to take longer to retrieve info about facts/concepts that have more info/relational links (as in domains in which a person has more expertise) o i.e. easiest sentences to judge as true/false were about a person who had been at only 1 location or about single location with only 1 person shorter reaction/response time  reason reaction time longer for sentences with people/locations with more info = associative network depict concept nodes and relations among them o found with retrieval of real-world knowledge, face recognition, and alpha-numerical facts  may not be as prevalent when retrieving real-life info domains usually have >1 or 2 relations to other concepts (large sets of interrelated knowledge)  retrieval could be faster in multiple-
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2650

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.