Class Notes (806,585)
Canada (492,337)
Psychology (3,805)
PSYC 2650 (166)

LECTURE 1.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
PSYC 2650
Anneke Olthof

Cognitive Psychology Chapter One: Introduction The Scope of Cognitive Psychology One way it can be defined is as the study of knowledge; how do we study, how do we focus our attention and concentrate, how do we make decisions. - Much larger range of thoughts, actions, feelings depend on our knowledge; what we know can influence how we think; understanding a story or conversation depends on knowledge the reader already has. - H.M. a patient with amnesia, provides additional examples how thoughts, actions and feelings depend on knowledge; he was unable to form new memories, he could only know what he knew before the surgery; without memory, there is no sense of self; H.M. had no sense of whether he was honourable or dishonest, industrious or lazy. A Brief History Introspection - Wundt and his student Titchener began the study of experimental psychology in the late 1800s; it was separate from biology and philosophy; the focus was on conscious mental events (feelings, thoughts, and emotions). Introspection: process through which one “looks within” to observe and record the contents of one’s own mental life. Problems – we now know that our mental activity is unconscious and not available to the method of introspection; claims derived from introspection are subjective and not testable (people talking about themselves and cannot be proven). Behaviourism th - The desire to be more scientific led to changes in psychology during the first half of the 20 century; focus was switched to stimuli and behaviours that could be objectively studied; introspection and other “mentalistic” approaches were avoided. Behaviourism: uncovered principles of how behaviour changes in response to stimuli, such as rewards and punishments. Problems – behaviour cannot be understood only in terms of stimuli and responses; behaviour also depends on things like perception, understanding, interpretation and strategy. Ex. passing salt; speech stimuli that are physically different from each other can result in the same response; speech stimuli that are physically identical to each other can result in different responses; in both cases, it is the interpretation of meaning that determines the response; it is never the physical words that create the behaviour, it’s the meaning and interpretation. Cognitive Revolution From both of these concepts experimental psychologists learned that: - Introspection methods for studying mental events are not scientific - However, we need to study mental events in order to understand behaviour. Cognitive psycologists study mental events indirectly; visible events are measured (stimu
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2650

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.