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Lecture 17

PSYC 2740 Lecture 17: Lecture 17 - March 28

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2740
Lewis Stephen

Lecture 17 March 28 Stress, Coping, Adjustment Health Models RE: Personality and Illness Interaction Model Transactional Model Illness Behaviour Model Health behaviour model Predisposition Model Interaction Model Personality moderates the stressillness link Interacts with coping, thus impacting illness susceptibility Criticism: Unable to identify stable coping responses that are adaptive or maladaptive Transactional Model How one copes with Events Personality How one interprets events Stress The events themselves *the interpretation of illness will result in a level of stress depending on the individual. *the situations one chooses to be in, based on personality will influence the level of stress reciprocityif youre evoking negative situations = more stress = influences illness Health Behaviour Model Personality Health promoting OR degrading behaviour Health (+) *If youre very conscientious, youre probably eating healthy and exercising regularly. This increases physical health and wellbeing.if youre more impulsive though, then youre more likely to take certain risks like substance use which influence your health and wellbeing. *Personality is associated with certain behaviours which in turns results into stress + health and wellbeing. Predisposition Model Personality Illness Personality Predisposition *levels of dopamine predispose individuals for types of sensation seeking or other behaviours. IllnessBehaviour Model Personality Impacts Degree to which a person perceives and attends to bodily sensations AND degree to which a person interprets and labels sensations as illness *Personality may play a role here in whether or not chest pain will be attributed as working out to hard, OR do you immediately assume you may be having a heart attack? Different attributions will result in a different level of stress. The Big 5 and Diabetes Management Wheeler, Wagamon, McCord, 2012 Participants = 28 youth aged 1318 insulindependent diabetes Method: Youth recruited online and mailed questionnaires. Measures assessed the big 5 and adherence to diabetes management regimens (e.g. checking blood sugar, diet, exercise plan, insulin regimen). RESULTS Higher conscientiousness related to greater treatment adherence especially for diet and insulin regimens with less deviation Higher neuroticism related to less adherence to treatment regimens Higher extraversion related to greater exercise adherence only (potentially social!) IMPLICATIONS: Personality may be important in context of diabetes management Youth low in conscientiousness may need more reminders and other assistance with treatment adherence, as might those higher in neuroticism. *Helps understand who will follow regimens, and who will need a little more help. Stress Subjective feeling produced by events perceived as uncontrollable and threatening Stressors
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