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Lecture 5


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PSYC 2740
Steven Seah

th September 24 , 2013 PSYC 2740—Personality disposition over time: stability, change and coherence (chapter 5) Key part of personality development  Stability over time: o Rank order o Mean level stability o Personality coherence  How does something qualify as Change over time: o Internal—in order for personality to change, has to be internal. When under the influence, or sick, short-lived and would therefore not be rendered change. o Enduring—has to be permanent, like a brain injury causing personality changes for example. Analyzing stability and change  Population  Group differences  Individual differences—do certain personality traits lead to certain life outcomes (job selection, relationship etc.) o Examples of stability across the lifespan:  Infancy—childhood—adolescence—adulthood  Know that stability does exist throughout lifetime o Infancy  Temperament—early differences involved in behaviors (e.g. emotionality/arousability)  See really stable and early individual differences between infants  There is more stability over shorted intervals o From 3-6 rather than 3-12, and as get older, more stability in temperament.  Activity level  Block and block longitudinal study—assessed activity level via actometer and teacher ratings o Found that at different ages:  Results from both measures were positively correlated (validity was present)  Results from same measure but at different times were correlated (suggested that over time, was stability therefore reliability and thus test re-test reliability)  Activity was relatively stable with more stability over shorted intervals  E.x. aggression in males—more stability in smaller vs. larger times spans and therefore have correlations that are more statistically significant. o Childhood  Bullying and problems later in life  Different raters identified same youth as bullies  At 24 years, 65% of the bullies had felony convictions— says that being bully as child/some personality traits that are associated with that may be related to the way act when older which shoes there is some stability present for at least some of kids.  The Big 5  Relative stability in adulthood; especially > 50 yrs.  BUT, openness, extraversion, neuroticism decline slightly until 50. When saying changes, are very slight and levels decline but traits are still present. o Adolescence  Self-esteem is something that “changes.”  Males increase slightly in self-esteem, females tend to decrease (important to keep in mind that is general trend and not something that applies to everyone).  What constitutes for this? o How we’re socialized o How the media determines what qualifies as “good enough.” o Objective awareness—thinking everyone paying attention to you…could be disconnect between how view yourself and how you want to be viewed can have major impact on positive development of self- esteem. o Adulthood  Ambi
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