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PSYC 2740 (252)
Lecture 9


4 Pages

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PSYC 2740
Steven Seah

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PSYCH 2740—LECTURE NINE Psychoanalytic approaches to personality: contemporary issues False memories  False memories—memories that have been implanted into the mind (for events that DID NOT occur) o Important to identify for the processes that can lead to a false memories Factors that can lead to false memories  Popular press and media—some people who more vulnerable to media, more inclined to develop false memory  Behavior of SOME therapists—may be wording or method of therapy o E.g. hypnosis—people under are more likely to remember things for events that never occurred because more vulnerable o E.g. imagination inflation effect—people shown picture for example of experience and told went and when recall later on in life, actually remember experience as if happened and fill in details about how good or bad experience was. o Confirmatory bias—present problems rooted in earlier life experiences and may try to confirm and not take into consideration other factors. Weighing the issues  What are consequences of accepting “repressed memories” as true? o E.g. in criminal trial, can affect if person is innocent  What are the consequences of accepting “Repressed memories” as false? Contemporary vies on the unconscious  Motivated unconscious (Freud’s view)  Vs.  Cognitive unconscious (unconscious operates like consciousness) o Deemphasizing role of id Ego psychology  Comprises the view that the ego deserved more attention o Plays key role in:  Mastering environment  Achieving goals  Establishing identities Erikson’s 8 stages of development  Psychosocial developmental theory  Similar in sense that both suggested if conflict occurs, get stuck at certain stage…in order to move on to next, have to resolve any conflict  STAGES: o Trust vs. mistrust  Starts at infancy  Key question—does the child find caregivers to be reliable  If parents provide comfort and consistency in good caregiving, child will most likely earn sense of trust o Autonomy vs. shame/doubt  Starts around 2 yrs  Key question: how much of the world can a child control?  If have helicopter parents and don’t have ability to do things on own, may not develop good sense of independence or confidence in what do o Guilt vs. initiative  Starts around 3  Key question: does child initiate tasks and goals?  Can initiate interaction with other kids? If don’t, may not develop good sense of initiating things o Industry vs. inferiority  Elementary school  Key question: does child feel god about what doing?  If compare to other children in school, and either better or worse develop either sense of industry or inferiority o Identity vs. role confusion  Starts in adolescence  Key question: who am I, do others know me for me?  Identity confusion—when asked who are, may not know answer, very common  Identity foreclosure—if don’t explore other identity options and just settle on specific identity without taking into account other options  Negative identity—identity in crime, drug use, violence; not accepted into society at large  Moratorium—occurs when explore different options in order to choose or settle in one identity o intimacy vs. isolation  young adulthood
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