Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
U of G (30,000)
PSYC (4,000)
Lecture 3

PSYC 3020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Nonverbal Communication, False Evidence, Social Skills


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3020
Professor
Dan Yarmey
Lecture
3

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Purpose is to gather information about a crime and possibly obtain a confession
-
POLICE INTERROGATIONS
Tough approach to get a suspect to tell the truth
-
9 step approach
-
Requires specialized training
-
Gather evidence
Conduct an accusatorial interrogation to obtain a confession
Has 3 general stages:
-
Founded in the belief that people do not confess to crimes because of the consequences that
would result and guilty people experience anxiety at remaining deceptive when they maintain
their innocence
-
Technique - anxiety associated with deception appear greater than the anxiety associated with
confessing
-
People are more likely to confess when positive aspects are maximized and negative aspects
are minimized BUT this also means innocent people may make false confessions
-
Trial judge may throw out confession because of pressure, trickery and deceit involved on part
of the police
-
REID MODEL OF INTERROGATION
Other approaches rely on social psychological approaches such as communication and social
skill training
-
If done properly interviews elicit facts without biasing or influencing the witness
-
Some relevant information may be supressed or not reported or assumed to be unimportant
-
Physical setting
Personal and psychological state of witnesses and interviewers
Verbal and non-verbal communication
Emotionality of situation
Cognitive resources of both parties
Every interview is a social situation that depends on the interpersonal behaviour of the
interviewer and the interviewee, including:
-
Planning and preparation
Engage and explain
Account
Closure
Evaluate
PEACE model guide England and Wales Police Forces to guide interrogations
-
ALTERNATIVE INTERVIEW TO THE REID MODEL
Must be voluntary or ruled inadmissible in court
Confessions are a written or oral statement, or even the nod of the head to admit the
accusation of guilt or admissions to facts leading to prove their guilt
-
More than 80% of criminal cases estimated to be solved with confessions
-
Confessions are powerful and often make other aspects unnecessary
-
Confessions can lead to psychological, religious and more benefits for suspects
-
False confessions are high proportion of wrongful imprisonments (2nd to eye witness
testimonies)
-
FALSE CONFESSIONS
Voluntary
-
TYPES OF FALSE CONFESSIONS
Unit 3 - Psychology of Police Interrogations
October 19, 2016
12:03 PM
Midterm Notes Page 1
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version