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Lecture 17

PSYC 3110 Lecture 17: health 8.2

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PSYC 3110
Kieran O' Doherty

HealthPsychology March 16, 2017 Chronic Pain Guest Lecture Pain An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. The inability to communicate verbally does not negate the possibility that an individual is experiencing pain and is in need of appropriate pain relieving treatment Pain is always subjective Acute Pain Usually rapid onset, varying in intensity from mild to severe Usually informative and protective in nature put hand on a stove, burn skin, dont touch this is hot! Chronic Pain Longterm pain, 36+ months of pain Persists long after its initial protective or useful function Prevalence: o Adolescents: 2530, ~5 are severely impaired o Adults: ~30, ~59 are severely impaired (disability, inability to work, etc.) Ie. headache, backache, stomach pain, limb ache Not directly linked to an injury that can be remedied or treated to relieve the pain medically unexplained, doesnt fit in biomedical model, negate the experience Gate Control Theory of Pain Gates in the dorsal horns of the spine that can open and close and increase or reduce your experience of pain Explaining the phenomenon that the same stimulus can elicit different pain experiences per individual Bottom up rubbing on an injured limb decreases pain Topdown if you are distracted you may feel less pain, fearful state can increase pain Biopsychosocial Model Pain = psychological factors biological factors social factors
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