Class Notes (808,854)
Canada (493,411)
Psychology (3,816)
PSYC 3110 (40)

Week 10 - Nov 13.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
PSYC 3110
Kieran O' Doherty

Understanding and Preventing Childhood Injuries – Professor Barbara A. Morrongiello - Injuries leading cause of death in children 1-19 year olds - Leading cause for hospitalization for 1-19 years - Annually 400 child injuries - Are injuries accidents? o No!  Random, unpredictable, uncontrollable events o Most injuries to children are preventable  Identifiable determinants that can be targeted and changed to prevent injuries Common Approaches to Prevention: 3 E‟s - Environmental modification – product safety changes, features of „built environment‟ (e.g. speed bumps) - Enforcement of legal statutes – laws mandating safer practices such as helmet or seat belt usage or pool fencing - Education/Behaviour Change – her focus – Target: knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, attributions. Goal: improve safety practices 3 Common Findings about Injuries 1. Income gradient exists – low SES groups have more injuries than higher SES (more exposure to hazards in low SES environment) 2. Males have more injuries than females at virtually every age from 2 years old until elderly 3. Developmental stage influences WHERE children are likely to get injured and suggests different “risk factors” for injury - Toddlers & Preschoolers o Mostly injured at home (CAREGIVERS as risk factor) - School-Age Children o Mostly injured when away from home (PEERS/KIDS THEMSELVES as risk factor) Importance of Supervision - To a 5 year old o No need to ask for help (I can get my toy from the top of the dresser by opening the drawers and climbing up) How to define “supervision” - Knowing where child is? - Knowing what they usually do there? o These are not sufficient because “readiness to intervene” is key issue - Attention (listening, watching) - Proximity (close enough to intervene) - Continuity (in attention and proximity) - Best supervision = continuously attentive and within reach of the child - Just knowing where the child is, is not good enough for preventing injuries How do you measure supervision without changing it? - Problem – parents who know you are watching are on „best parent‟ behaviour = you are NOT getting accurate data! - Solutions – unobtrusively observe supervision in natural settings (e.g. playgrounds), create „contrived hazards‟ in the lab and don‟t tell parent you are observing their supervision Extent of Supervision predicts Frequency of injury - Better the supervision (more attention, closer proximity), fewer injuries that young children experience o Minor injuries at home o Medically attended injuries - Boys and girls require different kinds of supervision to keep them safe o Highest rates of injury when no supervision o If watching and listening constantly, low
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3110

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.