Television, Computers and Schooling 04/04/2014
Extrafamilial influences social agencies other than the family that influence a child’s or an adolescent’s
cognitive social and emotional development
As long as TV viewing is not excessive, children and adolescents exposed to the medium show no
significant cognitive or academic deficiencies and spend no less time playing or socializing with peers.
Television literacy one’s ability to understand how information is conveyed in television programming and to
interpret this information properly.
Catharsis hypothesis people may often experience catharsis, draining away aggressive energy, by merely
thinking aggressive thoughts (fantasy aggression). If this is the case, exposure to televised violence should
reduce aggressive impulses by providing fantasy material that viewers can use for cathartic purposes.
Sociallearning and Socialinformation processing theories offer several reasons for hypothesizing that
media violence might promote aggressive or antisocial inclinations
actors serve as aggressive models and teach children harmful actions
Violent action may increase the cognitive accessibility of the viewers own aggressive thoughts and
feelings▯ may cause to interpret ambiguous events as involving aggressive intent
Physiological arousal that may be interpreted as anger which promotes aggressive behaviour with
Frequent and long term exposure can desensitize viewers to violence
Meanworld belief: a belief, fostered by televised violence, that the world is a more dangerous and
frightening place than is actually the case
Desensitization hypothesis the notion that people who watch a lot of media violence will become less
aroused by a