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PSYC*3690 Lecture Week 8.pdf

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PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

Tuesday, March 5, 2013 PSYC*3690 Community Mental Health Lecture #14 *Term Paper Due 28th 3 Classes of Stressors - SLEs - acute, last for only a certain amount of time, transitions, turning point - have a distinct onset and offset - Chronic Stressors/Demands - 4 types, relatively enduring character - Daily Hassles - micro stressors, little things that wreck your day and wreck your mood e.g. stepping into a puddle, traffic jams, lineups, messy roommates, slow internet, parking ticket, slipping on the ice - can be cascading problems Interaction Between These Things - the death of a child can cause marital discourse - people who have a disease may have flare-ups during stressful life events - Stressors ----------> illness, disease, accidents, poor health - there is a significant relationships between the experience of stressors and adverse health outcomes - stressors make you vulnerable - stressors account for about 10-12% of the variance in any of the 4 outcomes - doesnʼt explain enough about the variability in these outcomes and what that variability is due to Need to bring other variables in order to explain more 1. personal resources/coping strategies - constitutional strength/genetics - biological response - personality 2. social resources - stress itself is important Model - model begins with 3 mains stressors, which can lead to stress/distress - if this stress continues, you become vulnerable to full-blown illness/disease - you adopt the sick role - personal resources (line between stressors and stress) - people with better or more personal resources will be cushioned from stress on the heels of their exposure to stressors - this is called stress buffering - social resources (line between stress and adverse health outcomes) - people who do experience stress, will be cushioned from these adverse health outcomes by social resources - there is a vulnerability of exposure to stress with poor personal resources and there is protection for those people who experiences stressors in the context of high personal resources - from a risk point of view, poor personal resources is a risk factors for stress and for adverse health outcomes Personal Resources - coping responses (dynamic) - personality (stable) - trait optimism, self-esteem, hardiness (resilience - people with a strong sense of commitment, control and challenge), mastery, self-efficacy Social Resources - on their own protect you in a variety of ways
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