Class Notes (889,369)
CA (531,995)
U of G (27,752)
PSYC (4,048)
PSYC 4470 (39)


2 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 4470
Anthony Winson

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Counterintuitive things to learn and discover about process of psychotherapy 1997, when prof was 24, on his first internship, he has his first patient, and a supervisor, one Monday he arrived to his office and found out his supervisor was gone, so he had this patient with no supervisor which was extremely alarming, he was as good a therapist when he started as he is today, underlying art of psychotherapy Psychotherapy outcome literature, the literature that exists and concerns relative efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy, do people get better, disclosure, revealing oneself, and the role of disclosure in conveying a narrative, or one’s life story Various schools of psychotherapy, three primary forces, psychodynamic, behavioural and humanistic approaches of trying to remedy a patient Psychoanalysis, psychodynamic model key ideas is conflict and production of anxiety, and wide range of defences we have Processes of producing change in psychoanalysis, transference is basic process in which patient comes into office and projects their issues to therapist, and therapist role is to interpret what is going on which produces resistance and insight Cognitive behavioural approach to change, learning model where there is a situation, behaviours and a consequence Mechanisms we use to produce change, restructuring cognition and beliefs and testing them (behavioural experiments) Humanistic approach, how children become equipped with what it is we need to do to attain love, a set of beliefs and thoughts, which we systematically internalize these principles, to tell us how we should be in the world to be loved and accepted, many of their traits are hidden and sealed to be accepted, humanists try to bring these traits out Point of the slide is that different therapies seem to be very diverse, from a technical point of view, what the analyst is doing seems very different from what the behaviourist and what the humanist is doing, and they believe change is produced in very different ways, what produces symptoms and how to treat them Which form of therapy is the best? Hundred of controlled clinical trials have run these various forms of therapies together, two different therapies and see which patient is better off, and in conclusion of this research they sent out a survey to consumer reports to see their various satisfaction, about 7000 readers responded to the mental health, and the result of the survey was almost identical to the controlled clinical trials= End result is: all therapy works, you are far better off being in a room with a therapist then in a waiting room, psychotherapy on the whole works, and all of the therapies seem to be equally effective Years of experience, level of training, academic background doesn’t change your qualification of being a therapeutic context, they perform equally well Conclusion form the outcome literature is no differential efficacy despite technical diversity This is known as the dodo bird effect, (inAlice in wonderland, the dodo bird was asked to watch the race but it didn’t watch it and at the end it said that everyone won and should receive prizes) Explanation for why they are equal is that maybe there are differences that do exist but were not finding them, all of the studies must be wrong because they cant possibly be equal, were probably not measuring the changes that are occurring by the patients accurately Another reaction to this literature is to say that each of these therapies works, because there is some substance to the change mechanism, so all of these therapies use a different strategy to produce change and they are all equally goodàproblem with this is its not likely that three DIFFERENT approaches are equally valued The third reaction is the notion that there is some kind of common factor that cuts across all of the therapies and accounts for the changes that are occurring, despite of the fact that different therapists have different ideas of what is producing change, the therapists are wrong, they are using a common change mechanism without them knowing it, which is what accounts for the treatment of the patients What would be the comm
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.