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Lecture 3

SOAN 2040 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Horatii, Jacques-Louis David, Romantic Realism

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2040
Natalie Rose

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I Romantic Conservative Reaction
II Romantic Period
III Conservative Reaction – Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
IV Conservative Reaction – Louis de Bonald (1754-1850)
Joseph de Maistre (1754-1821)
V The Art of Politics
From the French Revolution to the Romantic Period
I The Romantic Conservative Reaction
romantic conservative thinkers turned away from Enlightenment thought (rationalism of 18th century)
recognizing irrational factors
tradition, feeling, imagination and religion
great revival in poetry, art, religion
notions of the group, the community, and the nation
in philosophy – importance of individual mind
II Romantic Period
Some similarities between the Enlightenment thinkers (reason and observation) with the Romantic
movement (feeling and intuition)
Both tended to be:
1) humanist
2) concerned with nature
3) attentive to the human consciousness
4) classical culture was rich to explore
5) rebelled against traditional oppressive structures
6) celebrated individual human genius, human freedom

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Romanticism Enlightenment
a) unitary organism a) atomistic machine
b) inspiration b) reason
c) inexhaustible drama of human life c) calm predictability of static abstractions
d) individual self expression d) rational intellect, laws of nature
Romantic and Enlightenment thinkers
individualism and personal freedom were common to both
Enlightenment – liberating embrace of the secular
- religion was either rejected or maintained the form of a rationalist deism
Romantic’s attitude – rebellion against the hierarchies and institutions of traditional religion
enduring element in the Romantic spirit – idealism, nature worship, religious existentialism, mother
God – mysticism, creative force within nature
Art took on a religious status, became the chief spiritual outlet and medium
Art :
Joseph Turner (1775-1851)
Caspar David Frederick (1774-1840)
III Conservative Reaction – Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
criticized the sociological assumptions of the Philosophers
against natural laws and natural rights
Burke favoured Reforms – not Revolutions
organic consumption of society
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