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Lecture

SOAN 2111 Lecture Notes - Social Stratification


Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2111
Professor
Linda Hunter

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LECTURE 10: LOCKE CONTINUED
Wednesday, October 5, 12
LOCKE OUT DIVINE RIGHT
Two different bodies
In place of the divine rights of kings, Locke proposed a government based on
reason and natural rights
- The rights don’t depend on government or structure – they’re just natural
rights
- People have the right to make free choices, to live without being injured,
and the right to own property
RIGHT TO PROPERTY
Due to the work someone has done
- If someone has worked on/for something it’s his or her own
Very important to Locke
BACK TO NATURE
For Locke, nature is a much nicer place than it is for Hobbes
People have the right to make free choices to live without being injured by
others and to own property
MY WORK MY STUFF
Connection between labor and the right of ownership helped promote capitalism
CAPITLISM
Means of production
Power
The rich get rich, the poor get poorer”
Social stratification
Replaced feudalism in Europe
FEUDALISM
Violated people’s natural right to own property
LOCKES SOCIAL CONTRACT
Focuses on property
Because everyone has natural rights, government should be a matter of mutual
consent among every
“The earth was given to us as a whole to enjoy”
- If you take more than you need, it’s considered unjust (considered stealing
from your neighbors)
- Because if you take more than you need it may spoil, when
someone else could put it to use
Target of criticism was Locke’s authority
Locke said that people would violate others natural rights
- Agreed to create an institution of government to preserve peoples right to
property
- Meaning people gave up their natural rights to adapt to a sovereign
government/contract to be protected
Community is held together by peoples interests
- Power of the public expresses their concerns
The poor do not share in Locke’s democratic rights, neither do women
FILM ON LOCKE
Locke compares the new born mind to a blank slate/white paper
Information comes into the mind through our senses and perception
From experience, all our knowledge is created
Raw materials in our mind = simple ideas
- Example: colors, cards,
- These materials can later be processed into complex ideas (card game)
Locke tries to bridge the gap between a mental image, and what it truly is
- Example: The image of the hand, and the hand actually existing