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SOAN 2111 Lecture Notes - Compass, Counter-Reformation, Relativism

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter

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September 26, 2012
Historical Background Around the Time of Hobbes
a) magnetic compass greatly impelled intellectual innovation
b) gunpowder contributed to the demise of the old feudal order
c) the mechanical clock became the paradigm of modern machines decisive
change to work, free time from the structure of human activities, natures
rhythms, etc.
d) the printing press allowed the dissemination of new and revolution ideas
throughout Europe - Ancient classic works and modern works
PAINTING Hans Holbein THE AMBASSADORS exchange of ideas and
- this period has to do with culture and change new ideas and new products
the rise of science in a way death, optics, new technologies, etc.
- velvet, marble, the paper, the fur, the velvet, material possessions determine
overthrow of medieval feudal structures
- silent reading helped free individual from collective control of thinking
- new era’s emerging science – shaping the modern view
- now individual ability and deliberate political action and thought carried the
most weight
- individual man as adventurer, genius and rebel
After the 15th and 16th century the centre of the universe is no longer European
- a sense of Relativism
- Protestant Reformation 1517 Martin Luther condemning abuses of the
church and sparked a popular revolt
- Focuses on the relationship of the individual believer to God
Baroque Period
Baroque architecture 1550-1700
Baroque music 1600-1750
Baroque style expresses spirit of the counterreformation
Around 1600 1625, the Catholic Church had survived the rise of Protestantism
now in the midsts of an expansion
The Roman Catholic Revival- (hisorians call the Counter reformation) was given
added purpose and vigour by a remarkable group of artistic visionaries
- this new style, Baroque, reflected the optimism of the church
- fascination at this time with light/dark movement, time and space optics
o important to artists and visionaries at the time
o evolutions that the Earth travelled around the sun
- explosion of knowledge transferred to artists sought new ways of seeing
and understanding
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