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SOAN 2111 Lecture Notes - Tennis Court Oath, Jury Trial, Eth

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter

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November 14
First Estate
- clergy
- established privileged estate by the Catholic church who had wide powers
- responsibilities included registrations of births and marriages, censored
books they wer eth emoral police operating schools and hospitals
distribution relief to the poor
- their property was tax free
Second Estate
- nobility
- army, government high positions in both
- collected rent from peasants who lived off their land
- collected dues from peasantry labour dues taxes on salt, bread, wine, etc.
Third Estate
- ‘everybody else’
- they did have some wealth
- some people who were all working not just peasantry
- unless you have status, you have nothing
- at least 21 million were peasants
- standard of living were horrible
- rented from land who were a little better of then they
- economic inefficiencies
- financial difficulties
- peasants with enormous amount of grievances
- growth of trade and industry had an effect on the French Revolution-
- growth of new critical ideas
- Voltaire, Rousseau presenting idea of liberal society that flourished
Barriers to freedom, liberty, equality and brotherhood were torn down.
The French Revolution
- destroyed the absolute monarchy in France
- abolished the feudal system of serfdom
- abolished special privileges for the nobility
- abolished compulsory church tithes and special privileges for the clergy
- abolished imprisonment for debt
[Think about this…How did the philosophes and French Revolution change
society forever?]
The massive estates of the nobility were broken up and the large land holdings of
the French Catholic were taken by the state.
The French Revolution established the principals of governance that eventually lead
to universal male suffrage, equal liability to taxation, separation of church and state,
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