Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
U of G (30,000)
SOAN (900)

SOAN 2112 Lecture Notes - Meritocracy, Royal Statistical Society

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2112
Linda Hunter

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 1 pages of the document.
January 07, 2013
Positivism (19th century) Saint Simon, Comte
- after the FRevolution came the terror
- most of Europe time of great misery, invasion, occupation
- when marx and engels began to write, the rich were getting richer and the
poor were getting poorer didn’t improve until the late 1800s in france
- improvements and living conditions depended on greater exploitation of
the poor
- millions immigrated from Europe to this new world
- many revolts broke out in this conditions and these prompted social
movements, Marxism, Anarchy, Christian socialism, etc.
- people took up social issues and reforms
- nationalist movements had strong economical component
- chose meritocracy over aristocracy (system where advancement is based on
ability rather then aristocratic system)
- need to find the right answer inspired innovation
- 1831 London Statistical Society
- stats were formed by the people before the gov’t formed the statistics
- more atheists in the 18th century who were looking to the sciences for
understanding the world
II Henri (Comte) de Saint Simon (1760-1825)
- fought in American Revolution
- functionalism and Marxism both influenced by him
- industrialization, positivism, social physiology
- work is first to deal with the problems we recognize
- Saint Simon and Comte were influenced by two religious guys
- Saint Simon founder of socialism he lived and wrote in a time before the
industrialism development had reached the critical point where capitalism
ideas had become clear
o He developed ideas before 1814
o Some were Marxist, and some were functionalists
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version