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Lecture 3

SOAN 2112 Lecture 3: Taylor and Mill


Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2112
Professor
Linda Hunter
Lecture
3

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Jan 25- Harriet Taylor and John Stuart Mill
Background
- Taylor and Mill were Unitarians- politically liberal
o Greatest good for the greatest number, all moral action should be directed
toward the general good
- Both sympathetic to many causes- animal rights
- Aim of their discussion was how to think not what to think- Taylor
- Mill wrote of the ancient Greeks
o Socrates way of thinking- always questioning
- Taylor discussed marriage
o Given credit by Mill on her writing and thoughts on marriage
- Taylor influenced mill on the subjection of women
- Mills ork as also iflueed  Talors ork
- Also Talors artile o diersit iflueed on liberty
- The eaipatio of oe ad the ehaeet of liert for all… ho to free the
many without repressing the extraordinary
- They married in 1851
- The enfranchisement of women
- Harriets daughter Hele orgaized the soiet for the represetatio of oe
- Mill claimed Harriet was the sole author of Dissertations and discussions and the joint
author of principles of political economy and on liberty
- Mill ran for parliament and tried to get the vote for women
- Talor ast akoledged for her ork
Methodology
- Talor learl a ai soure of ills feiis
- in the tradition of Locke- passive experience or by our active habits of thought
- mill agreed that prediction would be less exact in the moral than the physical sciences
o that humans are not like atoms that we can predict and control
o we can use our history to understand where society is going
- historical explanation subject to general laws
- statistics
- interested in laws to determine effect of a given cause such as the abolition of the
monarchy, or the introduction of universal suffrage
- a system argues that people were shaped by external conditions, but also influenced
them
- harater is fored oth  as ell as for us  eperiee
o we can change
- Mill distinguished mere empirical laws, from genuine, scientific or causal laws
o The really scientific truths are not the scientific laws but the casual laws that
explain them
- to tur epirial las ito sietifi oes eat oetig the dedutiel
general to specific
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