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Lecture

SOAN 2120 Lecture Notes - General Social Survey, Railways Act 1921, Tasmania


Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2120
Professor
David Walters

Page:
of 5
October 18, 2012
To Review Midterm
Brad Seward
Fri: 2:30 4 (201 Blackwood)
Mon: 2:30 4:30 (201 Blackwood)
Final Paper
- Chapters 4 and Chapters 10 = final paper use will not be on midterm
- Abstract (beginning of the paper)
- Introduction/literature review (including thesis): 2-3 pages
- Methods (description of variables): 2 pages
- Results: 3 pages (includes tables)
- Discussion and conclusion: 2 pages
- Bibliography: 1 page (at least three references from academic journals)
- 20% of your grade in this course
- the research project
o identify a problem or an issue, a social issue relating to the family
according to the variables and data set we are going to use
o explain how you are going to resolve the problem
o resolve the problem
Article: Surveying the Post-Industrial Landscape: Information Technologies
and Labour Market Polarization in Canada
Author: Karen D. Hughes and Graham S. Lowe
** this is a blueprint and template on how to construct an article ours will be
much smaller**
IN THE ARTICLE:
Abstract: (EVEN THOUGH IT’S FIRST IN YOUR ARTICLE, WRITE THIS LAST – IT
SUMMARIZES EVERYTHING)
A key issue in recent debates over the impact of new technologies on work is the
polarization of “good” and “bad” jobs within the “post-industrial” economy. Two
dimensions-skill and earnings-have been of central concern. Drawing on the 1994
General Social survey, we examine computer use in Canada and analyze its impact
on job earnings and skill. Our findings do not support a technology-based
explanation of polarization within the labour market as a whole. Instead, worker
characteristics and occupational conditions are far more important, although there
is some evidence of computer-related skill differences within similar groupings of
occupations.
Introduction (Literature Review… same thing as an introduction):
- discuss past research
o have to reference three different peer-reviewed academic journals
(you can reference more, you cannot reference less)
- identify the problem
o perspective
- IN THE ARTICLE:
o Yet, to date, evidence on the link between polarization and
technological change is far from conclusive. (convincing the readers
is worthy of being done)
o Recent changes are not documented perhaps most importantly,
recent studies have one been able to infer, rather than demonstrate,
the actual link between job polarization and the use of information
technologies in the workplace”
o Questions thus remain about the relationship between technologies
and the polarization between job skills and earnings
o (if you do not believe your argument yourself, do not pitch it to the
TA’s…. it will not help your cause)
Thesis
IN THE ARTICLE:
- “our purpose in this paper is to contribute to sociological debate on this
issue. We do so by undertaking a broad examination of the implications of
information technology use for labour market polarization using Canada as a
case study. “
o Feel free to say, “in this paper, I will investigate”, “The purpose is…”
o You don’t have to be creative.
Ending the Section
- end “elegantly” – moving on to the next section
- include section headings (it also takes up more space…! )
IN THE ARTICLE:
- “To summarize, we have highlighted several key issues that are still not well
understood in the research literature, and to which we now turn our
attention. “
Methods
- identify where your data came from (given to us)
- indicate who is included (given to us)
- discuss your variables how are they defined and how they are coded
- method of analysis
IN THE ARTICLE:
- (first two parts of methods)Our data came from Statistics Canada’s General
Social Survey. The GSS has a sample size of 11, 500 repsondents, which is
sufficiently large and representative to permit estimates for the total adult
population. The survey was conducted by phone and had a very high
response rate of 83%. The data were weighted to the non-institutionalized
population aged 15 years and over in the 10 provinces.
o EVERYONE IN THE CLASS WILL HAVE THE SAME ONE YOU MUST
SHOW UP TO CLASS, DAVID WILL RANDOMLY GIVE IT TO US AND IT
WILL BE THE FIRST PARAGRAPH OF THE METHODS SECTION.S
- (3rd and 4th part of methods) In their study they describe how they measure
occupation, and illustrate how they distinguish between high use and low use
jobs.
o Method of analysis = multiple regression
Results
- descriptive results
o describe the socio-demographic characteristics
o gender (categorical), age (quantitative… provide the mean in a table),
education (quantitative…. Provide the mean in a table), etc.
- present those words in a table (remember how most articles have tables?
They also have what’s in the table written underneath)
- Hughes and Lowe found that there are no significant variations in computer
use by gender, education, permanent employment status, etc.
Question
Do differences in job conditions and rewards, especially skill
and earnings, result from computer use per se or some combinations
of socio-demographic characteristics or employment status?
In your paper you will analyze the relationship between
your variables…
(we will talk about this next lecture!)
Discussion
- explain your results
- relate to the broader literature (relate back to the intro/literature review)
- common sense highlight important issues relating to three variables
should pretty much right itself based on results had some questions, tested
those ideas, found answer (may or may not what you expected), everything
has already been done so you just have to report it!)
- IN THE ARTICLE:
o Overall we find little evidence to support the claim that the use of
information technology is a major factor in labour market
polarization.
Conclusion
1. Limitations
a. Subjective measure for job skill
b. GSS Limitations
c. Measure for technology is limited
2. Suggestions for further research
In sum:
1. Tell me what you are going to tell me (intro/lit rev/methods)
2. Tell me (results)