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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - work in industrial and post industrial societies

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University of Guelph
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2040
D Rose

Movie Clip: Marx’s theory of alienation and species being • Guest Speaker – professor from Laurier Dr. Garry Potter • Most people feel alienated from everyone around them; friends, family, employers • Twinned concepts, need one to understand the other Species Being • A spiritual theory, religion was a tool used by leaders so the people would not rebel • Man created god in his own image, not the other way around • People were projecting real human qualities onto a supernatural being, old testament about eye for an eye then the new testament about turning the other cheek -answers are found in political economy • Also is human nature, where people are naturally greedy and competitive • Not a biological theory! • Social being determines consciousness • Labouring is a species wide trait • Theory of human nature is a theory of what we should be and a condemnation of who we are • Alienation of product, alienation from employer and fellow employees • An aspect of alienation is the presence of repetition How to define “skill” Skill is not defined how we think of it: trade skills, customer services etc. Instead the authors are talking about work which requires specializations and certificates. Deskilling, upskilling and skill polarization, • Marx: human labour is intelligent and purposive th • Braverman: focusing on capitalism in large factories in the US at the start of the 20 century when the problem of controlling large labour force, making production efficient in large factories, and scientific management is in vogue -work force was predomina
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