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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - fordism, neofordism, and post fordism.docx

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University of Guelph
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2040
D Rose

Lecture 5 – Feb 4 2014 Documentary “Mardi Gras – made in china” • Bead factory profit - $1.5 billion/yr • Monitor their workers whereabouts during their shifts • Only 5% male workers, want to bring in more males however no more than 10% because they know it is easier to control female workers -get paid 10 cents an hour -earn 1 cent for every 3 beads -make $62/month • Control worker’s productivity by measuring the pounds of beads made every day -if you meet the standard they set out you can be considered to get a 10% bonus, but if you fall below what is set out then you will be deducted 5% • Normally work 11 hours a day but need to make up for the time spent on meals so the workers end up putting in about 14 hours a day • Their packaging of the beads is meant to be more attractive to the customers “it makes them feel more comfortable” • Difference between physical labour in china and physical fun in America • Get paid for what they accomplish • Fined a whole days pay for talking while they work • One worker has given up on her dreams in order to help support her family financially -she believes that helping get her brother through school is more important now than her previous dreams • Free market reforms have exposed rural migrants to many terrible working conditions • In America it would be cost prohibited for workers to have conditions such as those in china • Owner believes that punishment is a key and important factory to keep productivity high in his factory • Kids have a mentality of jealousy which makes their decision to quit school to pursue work that much more easier • 10 workers share 5 beds, sometimes allowed to leave on Sundays if they are not required to work • By creating a compound that is to the liking of the workers, that is appealing (according to the owner) people will continue to want to work and will perform their best • Workers led a half day strike to have their salary increased -owner believes in treating workers like brothers and sisters -the workers ended up getting their hours raised not their pay • What the beads are made of is a central nervous system toxin and a narcotic • Men and women have separate quarters and are not allowed to enter the other genders area, get cut a month’s pay if caught • Once a year the factory closes for two weeks for the Chinese new year • Tens of thousands of workers rally for better working conditions but are ignored, and the organizers usually arrested • Father said if his daughter wasn’t working in the factory he would send her out of the country to earn “big money” • The workers were never aware of the destination or purpose of the beads they were making, they simply got trained and started to work right away • the happiness the owner sees makes him feel proud, the workers lives are better now even with such horrible conditions compared to their lives without any kind of income • American mentality “don’t ask questions” because it disturbs the idea of beauty you have to begin with REFLECTION #4 QUESTION – choose any question you want to do Think about the links between our consumption and production of goods. Consider one positive aspect of Fordism and one positive aspect of JLP. State clearly whether you are taking the viewpoint of the worker or the factory owner. Write 2 major differences between Fordism and JLP and assess these in terms of worker satisfaction, where would you want to work? Ford and Post Fordism th • How technological advance shaped and reshaped the labour process in the 20 century • Link to deskilling and upskilling • Taylorism (scientific management), Fordism, post Fordism, regulation (France), Japanese Lean Production Taylorism – Frederic Winslow Taylor 1856-1915 • “the shop and indeed the whole works, should be managed not by the manager, superintendent and foreman, but by the planning department” • “the principal object of management should be to secure maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with maximum prosperity for the employee” • Scientific management: an attempt to apply the methods of science to the increasingly complex problems of the control of labour in rapidly growing enterprises Ideas on management control: • Workers who are con
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