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Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter

September 12, 2012 Continuation from last lecture… What could be so practical about looking at these older theorists? 1) all living in societies undergoing wide ranging social changes 2) each concerned with the character and direction of modern society (identify and explain the core elements of society – interest in themes – division of labour, etc.) 3) all were involved in the societies of their time Marx - newspaper Weber (pronounced Vaber) – political activities Durkheim – socially involved (division of labour concept – also encouraged scientists to become socially involved) Simmel (pronounced Zimmel) – love, conflict, life Harriet Martineau – women’s issues (methodological contributions) The Women Founders of the Social Sciences – Lynn MCDONALD Women: - did not have the institutions men have had to support each other’s work - excluded from universities - no schools to promote their work - few biographies - their work wasn’t really publicly accepted – they were seen has secondhand citizens THE NATURE AND TYPES OF SOCIOLOGICAL THOUGHT: POSITIVISM, INTERPRETIVE, CRITICAL Positivism (based on observations and facts – observable facts) is nomothetic – it seeks generalizable, universally applicable laws - prediction and control - logic of explanation – ability to predict environments - associated with functionalist theory - Comte believe that social scientists must group the law that determine human behaviour Interpretive Theory – study of society that focuses on the meanings people attach to their socia
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