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Lecture 10

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University of Guelph
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter

SOAN 2111 LECTURE #10 – WEEK 4 Hobbe s: Thinking machines – in relation to Scientific Revolution - Hobbes = founder of sociological thought - Hobbes was interested in mechanics = using science to explain man o Ex. how our senses work like machines o Empirical reality - The machines don’t always tell us the truth, or they tell us things we don’t want to hear o People are prone to fight, that’s why we need a natural, strong ruler - All thoughts and sensations in the mind are produced mechanically by the senses and the brain o Astrong ruler was the solution to these problems and keeps us free - Still, early scientists didn’t think a strong ruler was the solution, but early scientists thought science and rational mind would come to the rescue - Experimenting with the natural world – scientific experiments - Mathematical principles - Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes and Newton o Cosmology broke the ties between religious thought o New ways of seeing things o orderly system of mechanics o optical physics o “the broke period saw with new eyes” = new science  Special meaning  Special powers - 17th century rationalism and empiricism o laws – new science  rationalism = physical reality  empiricism = based on observable physical reality - The Scientific Revolution was both the expression of The Renaissance and its definitive contribution to the modern world view o Copernicus (1473 – 1543) – planetary movements – mathematical formula o Galileo (1540 – 1650) – astronomy o Newton (1642 – 1727) – establishing gravity as a universal force - Rejections of old magical ideas = there were laws of science which could explain the world rationally and empirically - astronomy and science – descriptions of the past to the explanations of the future Movie clip:Artemisia - obedience authority = Hobbe’s idea’s - First female artist = true story o First accepted to the academy - Realism & naturalism - Images of power, faith of monarch was being shaken because of religious conflict - Bringing the notion of ordinary art - Section on the monarchy: Alex Underbakke 1 | P a g e SOAN 2111 LECTURE #10 – WEEK 4 o Issue of the way the popes and the kings try and portray themselves John Locke: (1632 – 1704) – British Empiricism = LIFEAND IDEAS - Philosophers began to think that maybe science could be used to shed new light on moral philosophy – scientific techniques could be used to expla
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