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Canada (510,106)
SOAN 2111 (130)
Linda Hunter (126)

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Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter

Week 12 Chapter 6: The Romantic Conservative Reaction · The enlightenment (17th century) was run by rationalism and empiricism synthesized by the Philsophers o Reason and observation as means to solve all humans problems o Universe was run by laws § Man and society to be made better by ordering social and political environments in accordance to laws o These ideas become foundation of movement in 19th century as well but were modified by romantic conservative thinkers  · o mo n op imi m n ationalism  · Recognized irrational factors in human conduct and gave them positive value  · Tradition, imagination, feeling and religion were now natural and positive  · Deplores disorganizing consequences from thinkers before from reordering society on rational principles alone o expansion Strong national reaction to enlightenment expressed in revolution and against Napoleonic · o · o · o Rational mechanistic universe rejected Free emotions and imagination from rules and conventions Religion Importance of inner experience restored Philosophy Individual mind assigned a creative role in shaping world Great revival in religion, poetry and art o o § § o principles o Emergence of historical attitude and thinking § Institutions were product of development and not national, calculated action Varied between countries toward Romantic Movement · England & Germany The group, the community and the nation became important concepts Historic memories and loyalties binded individual to nation Nation at supreme importance Investigation of origins of original institutions rather than transformation according to rational Shift Mechanical universe of Newton creative character of personality – liberation of mind from purely rationalistic and empirical thinking · · o o o · Began with work of Rousseau, Hume and later Immanuel Kant Rousseau was an enlightenment thinker Bu i f om “ ypic l n poin ” Less inclined to talk about construction of society on abstract principles alone Inner moral will, conscience and convictions important if man is to free himself Hume · · o o · · · · o § · o § · o o · o § · o · · · o § o § § o o Cause and effect added but not given by sensory experience Occurs in relation to other experiences Before, after, together... Sequences and coexistence All objects of experience appear in space and time Subjective element in all experience Knowledge does not exist independently of knowing subject Free mind from solely external sources for knowledge New validity to truth derived from religion, morality and art Opposing philosophes derived from science Limitations of scientific knowledge Validity of faith and institution Essential in understanding nature and society Burke criticized sociological assumptions Formation of conservative political and social philo
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