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SOAN 2112 (90)

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Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2112
Linda Hunter

January 09, 2012 Positivism (19 century) continued… - scholars have found St. Simon’s ideas were used by Comte (?) - growth of science, commerce, all served to undermine the Catholic church - St. Simon argued philosophes had contributed to disintegration of the old order - Saught to create a new and organic social order based upon new principles and forces that had come into view since the revolution - No successful reconstruction of society th - 19 century should be inventive and constructive - human knowledge passed through three stages o three stages have to do with theology, metaphysical, scientific - scientific knowledge will replace religion, education is very important to the work of St. Simon - positivism here means the application of scientific principles to all human phenomenon - in his book he plans for an industrial parliament o invention, examination, execution - radicalism-conflict theory: o social reform etc. discussion - functionalism: o machine analogy o organic analogy etc. discussion o interrelated systems changing in accordance with the underlying system of though - Marx’s father in law introduced him to St. Simon’s idea o His ideas influenced Marx o Marx adopted the ‘positivism’ term from St. Simon o Marx used positivist approach, he was not talking about a functional approach, but rather an empirical approach Auguste Comte (1798-1857) History and Background: - ontepellier - artist Corot (1796-1875) - Ecole Polytec
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