Class Notes (810,488)
Canada (494,139)
SOAN 2120 (389)
Scott Schau (113)

Wednesday January 18 Lecture Notes

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2120
Scott Schau

Wednesday January 18 2012 Paradigms y Fundamental frames of reference used to organize observations y Underlie different sets of theories and explanations y Collection of theories which share common underlying assumptions values and views of social realityAn UnKuhnian Social Science y Thomas Kuhn The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 1962 o Science does not progress via a linear accumulation of new knowledge but undergoes periodic revolutions called paradigm shifts o Revolutionary sciencePrescienceNormal scienceCrisisNew paradigm y In social science paradigms are not displaced by new ones o A variety of paradigms that deal with similar social phenomena coexist with one another y Social Science is then unKuhnianParadigms y Social Paradigms are neither true nor false o They just suggest a different understanding of the world comprise of different kinds of theories and inspire different kinds of researchConflict paradigm looks at things differently than a feminist paradigm y Some paradigms focus their attention on aggregate numbers of individuals and society at largemacrotheroetical o Other take a more individual approach to social lifemicrotheoreticalindividual approach to social lifePositivism y Application of natural science methods to study social reality y Only regularities confirmed by the senses are genuine knowledge y Knowledge is arrived to by gathering facts which allow for generalizations y Theory yields testable hypotheses y Science should be valuefree objectivityConflict Paradigm y Macrotheoretical approach y Social Behaviour and human history is the process of conflict o The attempt to hold power and dominate tohers while avoiding being dominated y Eg Marx WeberCollins o For Mar mainly class struggleBourgeois vs proletariat under capitalism o Weberemphasized the importance of social action the ability of individuals to affect social relationships o Collinsthree models of education practical education meets economic labour needs of society statusritual and ceremony groups determine what is legit knowledge and who belongs and
More Less

Related notes for SOAN 2120

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.