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SOAN 2120 Ch.8.docx

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University of Guelph
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2120
Scott Schau

Experiments well suited to research projects involving relatively limited and welldefined concepts and propositions appropriate for hypothesis testing the study of small group interactionsnatural experiments occur in the regular course of social events The Classical Experimentmost conventional types of experiments have independentdependant variables pretesting and post testing experimental and control groups Independent and Dependant Variablesexperiments examine the effect of an independent variable on a dependant variable independent variable takes the form of an experimental stimulus it is either present or absentthis stimulus is also a dichotomous variable has 2 attributes presentnot present both types of variables must be operationally defined ie responding to a questionnaire can be the basis for defining prejudice PretestingPost testingpretests occur first subjects measured in terms of a dependant variable then exposed to a stimulus representing an independent variable in posttests measured in terms of the dependant variableExperimental and Control Groupsexperimental groups are subjects who an experimental stimulus is administered control groups do not receive the experimental stimulus control
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