SOC 1100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Sociocultural Evolution, Pastoralism, Industrial Revolution

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Hunter/gatherer societies: the sexes are regarded as having the same economic importance. Agrarian societies: agriculture: large-scale cultivation using plows attached to animals or more powerful energy sources, occurred in middle east 5000 years ago. Week 2: larger population and food surpluses, greater specialization and inequality, men become dominant, societies expanded into empires. Post-industrial societies: post-industrialism: technology that supports an information-based economy, significant changes in occupational structures and roles, worldwide flow of information affects everyone on the globe. Information replaces objects as the centre of economy. Society and production: to keep profits high, capitalists keep wages low. Week 2: marx viewed the economic system as society"s infrastructure (infra is latin, meaning. Below ): family, politics, religion (superstructure) are built on this foundation and support the economy, false consciousness: explanations of social problems as individual problems and shortcomings, not flaws in society.

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