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Deviance Lecture with added notes from Gerber and Clipart

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SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

Deviance Breaking the “rules” of Conformity *“the recognized violation of cultural norms” *crime: “the violation of norms a society formally enacts into criminal law” *juvenile delinquency: “the violation of legal standards by the young” *deviants (positive or negative) are viewed by others as outsiders - positive deviance (Fashion trend, helping others in an abnormal situation, women were breaking certain expectations- Rosa Parks, Ghandi) Social Control - everybody is involved in social control, everyone is involved. *most of it informal always going on around us. We can react to deviance (raising an eyebrow, mentioning something, or more severe reactions) *reactions to deviance, mild to severe *raised eyebrows to arrest/imprisonment - e.g. Proff. Gerber going rollerblading faced a lot of abuse. Heavy, older women are not supposed to do that. Jogging was also deviant at a time. *agents of social control? *agents of social control? - Family, schools, peers, the media, religion. CLICKER QUESTION: Deviant acts a) often- 52% b) Several times- 31% c) only once or twice- 14% d) Never- 2% *the criminal justice system: *“a formal response to alleged violations of law on the part of police, courts, and prison officials” Social Organization and Culture Determine: Social Organization and Culture Determine: *how deviance is defined *who is branded as deviant *what to do about deviance Structural-Functional Analysis *Emile Durkheim (the functions of deviance) *deviance affirms cultural values and norms *responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries responding to deviance promotes social unity or solidarity o people band together when they see a problem and trying to solve it. *deviance encourages social change *Robert Merton (strain theory) - A structural functionalist. the scope and character of deviance depend on how well a society makes cultural goals accessible by providing the institutionalized means - eg. Education helps us reach goals by acceptable means. *note that the argument assumes structure or social organization – something “real” out there determines or constrains individual choices *Merton developed a typology of types of deviance based on the fit between goals and means - How well do the goals fit with the accepted ways of getting there. Merton’s Typology -Typology means GIVING NAMES TO THINGS. *conformity – acceptance of both goals and means *university students, “normal” people – conformists. *innovation – acceptance of goals, rejection of means *Hell’s Angels, Rocco Perri o Prohibition (no one was allowed to produce or drink alcohol). Rocco Perri turned into a bootlegger. He allowed people to come to his store and drink in his back room. In addition he got a hold of alcohol in Canada and smuggled it to Al Capone. He found a new way of making lots of money. *ritualism – rejection of goals, acceptance of means *ritualism – rejection of goals, acceptance of means *bureaucrats, over-conformers (always do what’s “right”), some obsessive compulsives o they do everything they are doing well, but they are doing it religiously and simply going through the motions. o Obsessive compulsives are not interested in the goal or being productive. Accepting means but rejecting the goals. *retreatism – rejection of goals and means *monks and nuns, dropouts, addicts, h
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