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SOC 1100 Lecture Notes - Mahatma Gandhi, Labeling Theory, Insider Trading

Course Code
SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

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Breaking the “rules” of Conformity
Breaking the “rules” of Conformity
*“the recognized violation of cultural norms”
“the recognized violation of cultural norms”
crime: “the violation of norms a society formally enacts into criminal law”
*juvenile delinquency:
juvenile delinquency: “the violation of legal standards by the young”
*deviants (positive or negative) are viewed by others as outsiders
deviants (positive or negative) are viewed by others as outsiders
- positive deviance (Fashion trend, helping others in an abnormal
situation, women were breaking certain expectations- Rosa Parks,
Social Control
Social Control
- everybody is involved in social control, everyone is involved.
*most of it informal
most of it informal
always going on around us. We can react to deviance (raising an eyebrow,
mentioning something, or more severe reactions)
*reactions to deviance, mild to severe
reactions to deviance, mild to severe
*raised eyebrows to arrest/imprisonment
- e.g. Proff. Gerber going rollerblading faced a lot of abuse. Heavy, older
women are not supposed to do that. Jogging was also deviant at a time.
*agents of social control?
agents of social control?
- Family, schools, peers, the media, religion.
CLICKER QUESTION: Deviant acts a) often- 52%
b) Several times- 31%
c) only once or twice- 14%
d) Never- 2%
*the criminal justice system:
the criminal justice system:
*“a formal response to alleged violations of law on the part of police,
courts, and prison officials”
Social Organization and Culture Determine:
Social Organization and Culture Determine:
how deviance is defined
deviance is defined
who is branded as deviant
is branded as deviant
what to do about deviance
to do about deviance
Structural-Functional Analysis
Structural-Functional Analysis
*Emile Durkheim (the functions of deviance)
Emile Durkheim (the functions of deviance)
*deviance affirms cultural values and norms
*responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries
responding to deviance promotes social unity or solidarity
opeople band together when they see a
problem and trying to solve it.
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