SOC 1100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Subculture, Industrial Revolution

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SOC*1100 LEC#3 01/27/16
-on chapters 1,2,3 and 4.
-40 MC questions (10 per chapter)
-READ all chapters to prepare (1-4)
-things covered in both chapter and lecture you MUST know!
-Final Exam: non-cumulative!
-Need to know key players in sociology! (Durkheim, Marx, etc.) know their studies, thoughts,
opinions. Need to be able to look at answering questions from their point of view
-There is no one right way to go through life.
-Nonmaterial culture: how we think we should be/act
-Material culture: the things that we create within a culture
-Culture shock: disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
-there is no natural way of humanity, however each individual/community believes that they are
going though life the ‘right’ way
-Symbols: anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture
(i.e. the apple symbol on MacBooks, iPhones, iPods, etc.) Society can create new symbols all of
the time. Reality for humans is found in the meanings that things carry with them.
-Language: is a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another
-Sapir-Whorf thesis: we interpret the world through the cultural lens of language.
-when people use certain words to describe you/speak to you, provokes feelings within yourself
-Values: what we think is good, beautiful, etc. We often share values with other individuals
among our culture.
-Beliefs: statements that people hold to be true, they support our values.
-sometimes one key cultural value contradicts another (i.e. in Canada, we believe that education
is everyone’s right and every child deserves an education. In order to support this notion, the
nation pays taxes. We also believe that everyone should have access to free health care. We
might think that it’s good to be a contractor to such things, but sometimes individual values will
contradict this. For example, people who make for money pay more taxes and don’t agree with
the difference in taxes that they have to pay to support such funds, although they still value the
educational and health care system.
-Also global perspective values: nations that have lower income levels, for them it is all about
survival. national with higher income levels value individualism and self-expression
-Norms are rules, whatever we think of as normative or ‘typical’
-Proscriptive= PROHIBITED, things you should not do
-Prescriptive= PRESCRIBED, things you should do
-Mores: things of moral significance (age of consent, etc.) It’s the difference between right and
wrong within a culture.
-Folkways: norms for routine (what you wear to a wedding vs. a bar, etc.) also varies between
-Social Control. The power of society is mind numbing. Beyond the essential needs for life
(food, water, shelter) the thing they desire most is to be accepted by others and fit into a society.
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