SOC 1500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Some Cities, Reference Group, Disorganized Crime
Urban/city: based on growth patterns seen in chicago, chicago had concentric zones, zone 1: transitional zone (business core, higher property values, zone 2: impoverished, new immigrants (inner city) People don"t stay in zone 2 for very long: zone 3: working class residential zone. Those who live in zone 3 are those who were able to move out of zone 2. Ethnic ties, little italy: zone 4: residential zone/middle class. More expensive apartments and single family dwellings. Brighter, more light than in zone 3. Better lit, better maintained, more grass and trees: zone 5: commuter zone. Illegal conduct/crime is highest and most likely going to happen in zone 2. Disorganization: social ties between people in that zone are broken, no community ties, social concern is weakened. Constant influx of people in and out of that part of the city. People have the belief they aren"t going to stay there long, so don"t get to know other people.