Class Notes (837,998)
Canada (510,614)
Sociology (2,990)
SOC 1500 (763)
Lecture

SOC 1500 Week 8

13 Pages
122 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 1500
Professor
Michelle Dumas
Semester
Fall

Description
Soc 1500 WEEK 8 Categories of crime 1. ‘Street’ crime (conventional) a. Offenders-committed by the common/individual person i. Lower classes more likely ii. Most common: property, violence b. Responsibility- on individual level. We can point to specific person who is responsible for the crime. They are easily identifiable c. 2 categories: i. Violent- homicide, assault, robbery ii. Property- breaking enter, vandalism, theft d. Criminal Justice System 2. ‘White-collar Crime’ a. Offenders- middle and upper classes b. Occupation-prestigious occupation (working at a bank, president of company) c. 2 categories i. White-collar- individual ii. Corporate- organization responsible (not following procedures, someone dies at work) d. Criminal Justice System i. Fired Violent Crime Categories  Assault (level 1) most common minor assault 60%  Assault (level 2 and 3) presence of a weapon/aggravated assault  Robbery (can only happen in presence of a victim)  Sexual Assault (level 1 most common) Homicide-death of a human being that was a result of something not natural/other than nature Murder: First degree: 5%-15% of murders 1. Planned/deliberate 2. Officers if you kill police officer, prison personal while on duty=first degree murder 3. Common of crime- kill someone in commission of another crime (most common)kidnap someone and they die a. Sentencelife in prison without possibility of parole until 25 years. If labeled dangerous offender, you can be in prison forever Second degree:  Defined murder that is not first degree o Crown attorney cant prove that it was deliberate/planned or police officer was not on duty Soc 1500 WEEK 8 o Burden of proof on Crown of Attorney  Proportion o 20%-30% of homicides  Sentence o 25 years with life in prison eligibility of parole happens in sentencing Manslaughter: happens in heat of passion  Defined o Has to be immediate find spouse in bed with another person, can’t leave the scene and come back  Other criteria o Homicides that occur accidently  Ex. Someone dying during assault o Did not intend for someone to die  Proportion o 42%-65% of homicide o Most common o Most occur when offender or victim has been intoxicated (alcohol or drugs)  Sentence o 25 years but rare for manslaughter case to get 25 years because intent didn’t mean to kill someone o Average: 8-15 years Infanticide: less than 5%  Mother & child o When female by willful act causes act of newly born child (under age of 1) o Seen as a result of affects of giving birth o Could be a biological reason, hormones, chemical imbalance o Common: teenager hides pregnancy and then kills baby  Proportion o Not common  Sentence o Psychiatric supervision o Depends on circumstances on homicide o Only women can be charged Statistics (rate)  Standardize o Rate of crime  Rate: per 100 000 population  Calculated: o # homicides/population X 100 000 Soc 1500 WEEK 8 Canadian Homicide Rates  Every 100 000, 2 people will be killed  1961-2010 (peak in 1975 highest rate of homicide) Homicide Statistics By Province:  Pattern o Low on east coast, and increases from east west  Prairies have highest rates of homicides (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta)  Highest o Prairie o Alberta (3.64 people)  Territories o Don’t look at territories because highly variable o Not a lot of people live there o One murder can change the rate dramatically Major Metropolitan Regions  Thunder bay had highest homicide rate in Canada  Before that, Edmonton had highest rate Homicide by Methods Methods common looking at adult homicide rates  Shooting (illegally obtained hand guns)  Stabbing Characteristics  Ethnicity o Measure aboriginal vs. non-aboriginal o Interracial crime (crime against the same race)  Sex o Offenders & victims  Males account for greatest number of offenders and victims  9 males: 1 females offender  3 males: 2 females victims  Age o Offenders & victims  Most likely age to kill or be killed is 18-24 (8.8 rate) Soc 1500 WEEK 8 Young Offenders (12-17)  Proportion of all homicides o 7-10 percent of all homicides o Media is more likely to sensationalize them Canada (patterns)  Lone offender –victim o More likely to kill alone o One offender and one victim  In contrast in America, like to kill in groups and kill more than one person  Victims o American kids are more likely to kill their friends and acquaintances o Canadian kids are more likely to kill parents or family members  Method o Most common method is shooting (American & Canadian kids) Adult Homicide: Relationship & Location  Relationship o Known vs. strangers  Intimate: someone you have a close relationship to (spouse, lover, ex spouse, ex lover)  most common  Friends acquaintances  Coworkers  Stranger (least common) 5% of cases  Males more likely to be killed by strangers  Females more likely to be killed by spouse  Location o Most common  In own home o Second common  Public place (bars, restaurant, friends home) o Third common  At work Motivations for killing:  Passion o Argument, jealousy, act of despair  Financial gain o Someone owes you something and they don’t want to pay it  No motive  Unknown & solved o Canada 75-80% of homicides are solved  Drugs & Alcohol o At least half of victim or offender to have taken drugs and/or alcohol o Most common for accused to have taken it Soc 1500 WEEK 8 Serial Killing  Definition o A series of 3 homicides by an individual or couple that spans over weeks, months or years o 35 serial killers are active in any given year in United States  First (modern) serial killer o England (Jack the Ripper)  5 or 6 victims  All were prostitutes  Never caught or specified who he was  Got a lot of attention: movies o USA (Ed Gein)  Cannibalism  Victims: women with high status  Silence of the lambs, Texas chainsaw massacre  Spectacle o What they are doing is for someone else to view and study o There is something a part of the killing that is meant to be seen by other people o Most serial killers found in industrialized world (united states) Generic Stereotype  Physical characteristics o White male o 20’s and 30’s o Assumption that if you are a serial killer you are ugly, can’t be trusted  However, most serial killers are attractive, look like other people, are not different  Social characteristics o Extremely charming  Stop/interruption in killings o Continue to kill o Common reasons for to stop o Usually in prison for unrelated charge o Sometimes they die Victims  All female o Ted bundy, paul bernardo  All male o Jeffrey Dahmer, John Wayne Gacy  Both (rare)  Carol Bundy & Doug Clark Soc 1500 WEEK 8 Apprehension of Serial Killer  Difficult o Hard to apprehend serial killers because victims are usually strangers no connection between offender and victim o Luck police officer stops them for other reasons and then see they have something they shouldn’t o Planning a lot of planning goes into serial killing. When it’s planned, you can clean things up, not leave clues behind, make more difficult to be investigated  Police Investigations o Probabilities  Who is most likely to kill the victim Typologies of male serial killers  Visionary o Psychological  Mental illness: hear voices  Chosen by whoever  Mission-oriented o Groups  Targets specific group of persons to make the world a better place (ex. Prostitutes)  Hedonistic o Lust and thrill  Get pleasure out of terrorizing their victim  Sexual desire  Power-control o Exert total control over life or death of victim o Sometimes kill victims and bring them back and kill them again o More joy in controlling when they will die  Comfort o Monetary reasons  Professional killers  High counts  Kill to make money  Extremely organized  Less likely to be caught  Disciple o Leader  Trying to kill someone for a leader Soc 1500 WEEK 8 Female serial killers: more difficult to apprehend  Question of sanity o Psychological  Mental health issues  Could be temporary after giving birth or permanent  Black Widow o Fam
More Less

Related notes for SOC 1500

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit