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Lecture 8

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SOC 1500
Michelle Dumas

Lecture # 8 Tuesday, October 30, 2012 Categories of Crime 1. “Street crime: (conventional) - Offenders  inability to get counseled - Responsibility  point to specific person responsible for crime, identifiable - 2 categories o Violent  any crime committed again person, homicide, assault o Property crime  crime against property break and entre - Criminal justice system  - 2. ‘Whit collar crime’  corporate crime - Offenders  from middle and upper classes - Occupation  tied to a persons occupation, prestigious occupation - 2 categories o White collar individuals  certain o Cooperate  organization is responsible - Criminal justice system  rarely deal with white collar crime, low enforcement, dealt with internally or in civil court (lawsuits against the cooperation) Street Crime (2011) - Property  53% - Violence  19% - Other CC  15% - Traffic CC  7% - Fed Statutes  6% Violent Crime Categories - Assault (level 1)  61.1% (minor assault) - Assualt (level 2 and 3)  16.3% (assault with weapon; aggravated assault) - Robbery  9.1% (consider a violent crime in Canada because it can only happen in the presence of a victim) - Sexual assault (level 1,2,3)  7.8% ( - Other assaults  4.3 % - Other sexual offences  0.9 % - Homicide/attempted murder  0.4% (death of a human that is the result of something not natural; - Abductions 0.2% Murder - First degree o Planned or deliberate o Officers  while they are on duty o Commission of crime  killing someone while committing another crime ex kidnap someone and they die;  Sentence  life in prison without possibility of parole up to 25 years; labeled as a dangerous offender you can be held in prison indefinably ex. Paul Bernardo - Second degree o Defined (Criminal Code)  any murder that is not first degree o Proportion  20 to 30% of homicides o Sentence  25 years in jail with the possibility of parole at 15 year mark or sooner - Manslaughter o Defined (immediate)  Homicide that occurs in the heat of passion or sudden provocation o Other criteria  didn’t intend for anyone to die; accidental murder o Proportion  40 to 60% of homicides o Sentence  max sentence is 25 years but this is rare because didn’t intend on killing someone; average to serve in 8 to 15 years - Infanticide o Mother & child  when mother causes the death of a newly born child under the age of 1; caused by results or effects or giving birth; may occur because of hormones or chemical imbalance o Proportion  less than 5% o Sentence  psychiatric supervision Statistics (rate) - Standardized - Rate: per 100,000 population  measured the same in other cities and countries so can be compared - Calculated: (# homicides / population) X100,000 (in Canada 2 people in 100,00 will be killed in the USA its 5 Homicides Statistics By province: - Pattern  lowest on east coast which increases as you travel left - Highest  in prairies, Manitoba - Territories  least likely place from homicide because very few people live there Characteristics of Homicide - Ethnicity  only crime that we collect info about ethnicity o Measure aboriginal vs non-aboriginal - Sex o Offenders & victim  being you male you are more likely to kill someone but more likely to be killed as well - Age o Offenders & victim  most victims are between 18 to 24 and more likely to be killed if under the age of 35 Young Offenders (12-17) - proportion of all homicide  account for 7 to 10 % of all homicides but media is more likely to sensationalize them Canada (patterns) - lone offender-victim  most kids are likely to kill alone and only kill one person in Canada but in American kids like to kill in groups and kill more then one person at once - Alone - Victims  USA more likely to kill friends and acquaintances but Canadian kids are more likely to kill parents or family members - Method  most popular is shooting among both USA and Canada Adult Homicide: relationship & location - Relationship o Known vs. strangers  more likely to be killed by someone you love or once loved one, then by your friends or acquaintances, then co-workers and least likely by strangers  Strangers account for 5 to 10 % in commission with another crime  Males are more likely to be killed by a stranger but females are more likely to be killed by a spouse - Location o Most common  in their own home not in a dark alley way ; home is usually where you feel most comfortable with a loved one o Second  public place or other private place (bar, restaurant, friends home) o Third  at work Motivations - Passion  related to jealously act of despair - Financial gain  or to settle account - No motive  5 to 10 % - Unknown & solved  75 to 80% in 2009 are solved while most others crimes that get solved are only 35% - Drugs & alcohol  victim and offender have consumed one of both in most cases with offender typically having more Serial Killing - Definition  not used until the 80s; commonly believed that it is a series of 3 homicides by an individual or couple that spans over 3 weeks to months (5 homcides in USA require to be considered serial killer) - First (modern) serial killer o England (Jack the ripper)  5 to 6 victims and was never caught; many movies have been made about him o USA (Ed Gein)  catabolism, mutilation, victims = woman with high status; movies based on him; silence of the lambs - Spectacle  do things in terms of a spectacle; do things for someone else to view o Most serial killers found in industrial areas Generic Stereotype - Physical characteristics  usually male and white in there 20s or 30s; most are attractive and look like normal people - Social characteristics  very charming and have a way with talking to people - Stop/interruption in killings  rare, they usually continue killing o Common reason for halts in killing  in prison for unrelated charge or moved as well as sometimes die; target only a specific type of victims Victims - all females o eg. Ted Bundy - all male - both Apprehension - Difficulties o Victim  usually strangers with no connection makes it difficult to arrest o Luck  arrested for another crime while police notice the other crime in the meanwhile (find a body); many parking tickets near the same area o Planning  a lot of planning does not happen spontaneously and therefore can clean things up without leaving traces behind - Police Investigation o Probabilties  Typologies of male serial killers - Visionary  hear voices; psychological; have a vision or where chosen by someone to commit; schizophrenia - Mission-oriented  groups Dexter target specific people and try to make world a better place - Hedonistic  lust & thrill out of killing victims - Power o Control  want totally control over victims lives - Comfort o Monetory  professional and have really high counts; only purpose for killing is to make money and plan everything to the max so less likely to be caught - Disciple o Leader  try to kill someone to impress or because they were given instruction from leader Typologies of male serial killers - Question of sanity o Psychological  mental health issues; may be temporary like after giving birth or constant - Black Widow o Family  focuses on killing spouse mainly for financial gain; more likely to use poison or allergy related problems - Revenger o Lover  kill a rival or someone that has torn her heart; done her wrong - Angel of death: o Work  kill others at work that work in a caring place such as a nanny or nurse and typically work alone - Team killers o Dominant/passive  either work with another female or male where one in dominant; help to get victim and either watch, help or vid
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