Include prisons, jails and other institutions (mental health), individuals who are not found criminally responsible are released into a mental health facility. Detain those who are accused but most often who are convicted. Kingston pen: auburn model- inmates are allowed to interact w each other during the day but go back to their cells at night: hard labour and severely punishes inmates who disobey or violate the rules. After world war 2, auburn models have stopped and have now emphasized on treatment models. By 2000, shift back slightly towards punitive approaches. 2 years or more = federal institution, 2 years or less = provincial or territorial. Lowest risk offenders, don"t pose a considerable threat to society or transitioning back into society. Some restrictions on inmate movement (restricted to a certain cell block, more time in their cell) Highly controlled environment with inmate movement strictly controlled by prison staff members.