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Lecture 7

SOC 1500 Lecture 7: lecture 7

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University of Guelph
SOC 1500
Stephanie Howells

What is “Youth”? -Youth= young, immature, juvenile, vulnerable -Youth is a particular category; it is something that is not tangible; flexible category -Adolescent is a term that is used in conjunction with youth -Social construction – somewhere between “child” and “adult” -Varied over time based on biological measures, legal, political and institutional standards, social expectations -Various unfixed boundaries: 12-18, 12-24, 12-30, 18-30 When examining research, be clear about definition -When psychologists focus on youth they look at brain development; brain development ends at 25, thus they believe that -We need to look at legal statues; youth age differs in different areas -It varies our legal standards Age Matters -Age-related laws, rules and regulations set out by government affect definitions of “child”, “youth”, and “adult” and regulate responsibilities for young people -Age matters because you are allowed to do stuff at different ages (ie driving\voting) -When we have particular ages youth can commit crime one day and not be criminally Responsible but the other day they will be criminally responsible (arbitrary rules of crime) Under 12: -No criminal responsibility (Criminal Code of Canada) Compulsory schooling- learning good skills 12-17: -Criminal responsibility: (YCJA) Compulsory schooling 15-18: -Can leave school*, get drivers license, work full-time, engage in sexual activity, consent to medical and dental treatment- they are giving you rights 18/19: Can drink alcohol, gamble, and buy cigarettes, live independently, marry, vote, watch R- rated movies Location of Youth Crime (in order) -Majority of crime occurs in private residence: under age drinking, drugs, sexual assaults, downloading things illegally, child pornography, online crime, -In private residence, crime is hard to detect; but still are reported -Followed by commercial establishment: store\mall: shop lifting, vandalism, **Location of most non-violent youth crime, especially property related offences (minor theft, possession of stolen goods, fraud and shoplifting -Outdoor public space: drug dealing, public indecency, vandalism, littering -School: Theft, threats, possession of drugs and weapons, bullying, shootings, gang activity **Youth violent crime and youth drug offences were more likely to occur on school property -Non-commercial building or institution: i.e.- hospital (not a lot of crime but still a category) - Public transportation facility: Youth take transportation -It is surprising that school is not the http://www.sta
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