Thursday, October 22, 2015
Crime and Crim Lecture
Media and Crime
“The CSI Effect”
Perceptions and Outcomes
• inﬂuenced real life situations bc thought they would have same outcomes
Televisions- lots of Canadians watch
Jury- can make make decisions based off this.
Legal Changes- in several states which can ask jurors about what types of shows they
Deﬁned- unrealistic expectation the public has towards forensic science based on
Myths- These TV shows are always precise and correct, never make mistakes.
• Job duties - they can do every job.
• Equipment and training (have all equipment to do every test). Some is not real.
• DNA tests are extremely expensive to do and no tests for everything
• Suspect confessions
- Police: people raise expectations of their jobs
- Defense attorneys- ﬂawed science can go against their client
- Forensic scientists- even more backlogged because more and more tests are being
asked to be done.
- Relation to crime- teaches criminals how to clean up their crime scene
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Theories of Media
1) Technological - looks at way which technology communicates.
2) Critical (social science) - shape public perceptions, can act as a socialization tool.
Media and inequality and media and social conﬂict.
- how crime and social problems are socially constructed.
- Subjectivist approach because someone is constructing them as deviant.
- Nothing is considered social problem until its reacted to as such
- Analyze language that is used to describe a particular phenomenon or event
- How do certain people get labeled as deviant ( socially constructed)
- Claim - any verbal or visual or behavioural statement that tries to persuade an
audience and try to get people to take it seriously and get people to respond to it
- Claim-makers- making the claim that something is problematic (can be professional)
- how to claim makers make these claims a
- Convince the public - if more people see it as a problem there wil be more of a push
to ﬁx it
- Language -
- Rhetorical idioms- people already think these are bad, more universal beliefs
- Counterrhetotorics. - don't want to be part of the problem. part of the solution. Goal is
to be on good side
- Motifs- problems are so big and hurtful you need to act now. (epidemics, war)
- Claim-making styles- using scientifc facts to win audience over
3 Factions of Constructionalism
- Strict constructionist
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- Contextual constructionist- recognize there are objective facts but they can be
evaluated and dont have to be taken at face value.
- Debunkers- only intent is to debunk some claim that has been made.
Culture of Fear
Crime vs Media - too focused on the way which criminal events happen in the media.
Public Arenas Model
Competition for ‘public arenas’: competition into what makes it into the media and
attention of others
Value- theres only so much space that exists on news paper and televisions. Want to
get most attention
Reality- only so much time, newspaper cant tell every story
4 important Principles to predict stories being heard:
1) Drama- stories that are more dramatic or vivid. More emotional pull
2) Novelty- stories that employ new images or exploit news in a new way, more like to
3) Culture- most popular theme is when there is a loss of life. Women victim stories als
get covered frequently
4) Politics- political stories often reach the news
- saw how media reacted to big threats or problems.
condition, behaviour, episode (perceived as a threat)
Perceived threat is worse than the actual problem
Characteristics of a Moral Panic
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2. Repitition - more that you repeat something, even if its false it becomes believed.
3. Pictures and titles- deceiving pictures or headlines
Stages of Moral Panic:
1. Deﬁntion- have to deﬁne something or someone as a threat
2. Recognizable- people relate to them, threat is recognizable
3. Public concern- can get ampliﬁed with reputation
4. Authorities - response from authorities to do something about th