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Lecture 7

SOC 1500 Lecture 7: Media and Crime

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SOC 1500
Michelle Dumas

Thursday, October 22, 2015 Crime and Crim Lecture Media and Crime “The CSI Effect” Perceptions and Outcomes • influenced real life situations bc thought they would have same outcomes Televisions- lots of Canadians watch Jury- can make make decisions based off this. Legal Changes- in several states which can ask jurors about what types of shows they watch etc. Defined- unrealistic expectation the public has towards forensic science based on watching televisions Myths- These TV shows are always precise and correct, never make mistakes. • Job duties - they can do every job. • Equipment and training (have all equipment to do every test). Some is not real. • DNA tests are extremely expensive to do and no tests for everything • Suspect confessions Affects- - Police: people raise expectations of their jobs - Defense attorneys- flawed science can go against their client - Forensic scientists- even more backlogged because more and more tests are being asked to be done. - Relation to crime- teaches criminals how to clean up their crime scene 1 Thursday, October 22, 2015 Theories of Media 1) Technological - looks at way which technology communicates. 2) Critical (social science) - shape public perceptions, can act as a socialization tool. Media and inequality and media and social conflict. Social Constructionism: - how crime and social problems are socially constructed. - Subjectivist approach because someone is constructing them as deviant. - Nothing is considered social problem until its reacted to as such - Analyze language that is used to describe a particular phenomenon or event - How do certain people get labeled as deviant ( socially constructed) Concepts: - Claim - any verbal or visual or behavioural statement that tries to persuade an audience and try to get people to take it seriously and get people to respond to it - Claim-makers- making the claim that something is problematic (can be professional) - how to claim makers make these claims a - Convince the public - if more people see it as a problem there wil be more of a push to fix it - Language - - Rhetorical idioms- people already think these are bad, more universal beliefs - Counterrhetotorics. - don't want to be part of the problem. part of the solution. Goal is to be on good side - Motifs- problems are so big and hurtful you need to act now. (epidemics, war) - Claim-making styles- using scientifc facts to win audience over 3 Factions of Constructionalism - Strict constructionist 2 Thursday, October 22, 2015 - Contextual constructionist- recognize there are objective facts but they can be evaluated and dont have to be taken at face value. - Debunkers- only intent is to debunk some claim that has been made. Culture of Fear Crime vs Media - too focused on the way which criminal events happen in the media. Stereotypes. Public Arenas Model Competition for ‘public arenas’: competition into what makes it into the media and attention of others Value- theres only so much space that exists on news paper and televisions. Want to get most attention Reality- only so much time, newspaper cant tell every story 4 important Principles to predict stories being heard: 1) Drama- stories that are more dramatic or vivid. More emotional pull 2) Novelty- stories that employ new images or exploit news in a new way, more like to get out 3) Culture- most popular theme is when there is a loss of life. Women victim stories als get covered frequently 4) Politics- political stories often reach the news Moral Panics - saw how media reacted to big threats or problems. - condition, behaviour, episode (perceived as a threat) - Perceived threat is worse than the actual problem Characteristics of a Moral Panic 1. Reporting 3 Thursday, October 22, 2015 2. Repitition - more that you repeat something, even if its false it becomes believed. 3. Pictures and titles- deceiving pictures or headlines Stages of Moral Panic: 1. Defintion- have to define something or someone as a threat 2. Recognizable- people relate to them, threat is recognizable 3. Public concern- can get amplified with reputation 4. Authorities - response from authorities to do something about th
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