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Lecture 2

SOC 1500 Lecture 2: Theories. Sexual Assault

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SOC 1500
Michelle Dumas

Thursday, October 8, 2015 Soc: Lecture Feminist Theories - Radical feminism — women should be in charge, men are terrible - Liberal feminism — looking for equality, justice, equal opportunity - Socialist/ Marxism feminism — sieze consequences of capitalism. Changing restructuring society is too radical for them. - Chivalry Hypothesis (Pollak): reason why their are less women in the system there are differential of reinforcement of being nicer to women. When females contradict their gender roles, the system is more harsh than they would be on males. - Liberation Thesis (Daly and Chesney-Lind, 1988) — levels of crime increased which was coincidental with second wave of feminism. The more liberated, the more access to commit crime. - Power Control Theory (Hagan, Gillis and Simpson — class and family structure played a big role in young females. They looked at Traditional (working class, mothers don't work) daughters, and Egalitarian (both parents working) - daughters in these households more likely to be criminals. - Victimology: Routine Activities Theory: Cohen and Felson (1979)— everyday activities allows you to come into contact • with crime. • Three important arguments: 1) Motivated Offender (will be a young male) 2) Suitable target (object or a person, ex: unlocked home person in dark alley way) 3) Capable guardianship (degree to which targets are protected ex: security etc) • Time Dimension:Periodicity (regular observation of peoples schedules); Tempo (how frequent you're out); Timing (coordination of • a) Offender and motivation • b) Components 1 Thursday, October 8, 2015 c) Expressive Crime (crime that happens in heat of the moment).. loss control, • anger, rage • Violence : Instrumental - for gain or profit. Or Expressive- loss of control, anger, rage -Interpersonal violence - domestic violence, race/ethnicity - Mandatory arrest • 1. police behaviour 2. protection • 3. reduction • 4. discretion • • 5. “redistributive function” - Research: • Reduces domestic violence: city, employment, short term and long term • Restraining orders • Victims - Nature and Consequence - women 4 times more likely to get injured. Greater consequences for women victims. Men as Victims Harm- Report- least likely to report victimizations Pe
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