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SOC1500 March 3

3 Pages

Course Code
SOC 1500
Michael A Dixon

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Crime and Criminal Justice Thursday March 3, 2011 Social Control Theories  Focus on the causes of conformity  Inner and outer controls  “blame the parents” perspective o Too liberal, too lax, going to rebel o Is there a happy medium somewhere? o “Tiger Moms”- why Chinese people tend to be more successful than north American people, Chinese mothers play the role of the tiger-strict discipline-piano lessons, homework  Fundamental assumptions o Most theories tend to set out with goal of explaining why someone would chose to be a criminal, compelled to criminal behaviour  People are fundamentally good o Social controlled theorists- nature of humanity  people are fundamentally bad  people are self interested  needs to be contained for the good of the wider society  deviance requires no motivations  Inner vs. Outer controls o Outer control: what directly do you stand to lose if one chooses deviant lifestyle  Formal: legal sanctions, institutions, criminal law  Informal: community, stigma that might arise from ridicule, gossip o Inner control: easy to psychologise that sense  Personality, what is going on in our own brain  Dependent on outer control  Norms become socialized through threat of sanctions, theorized that those eventually become internalized over time  Simply internalized by individual through appropriate socialization  Family Ties Theory (Ivan Nye, 1958): 4 Types of Familial Control\: o Direct/indirect/internal control and legitimate need satisfaction o Innate, barbaric, please themselves o Society restrains basic impulses that people have to deviate o Manifestation of repression on society of people innate tendencies o All humans are born with same basic tendencies to deviate o Criminality is result of manifestation o Argued that innate tendencies are constrained by  Direct control (similar to external control)  Rules set up by parents, school, curfews, attendance  Indirect (similar to internal)  Based on desire to not hurt loved ones  Sense of guilt, moral consciousness  Internal control  Legitimate need satisfaction  Successful socialization provides for basic human needs o Need for affection, security, individual fulfilment  Containment theory (Reckless, 1973) o Inner/outer forces vs. inner/outer controls o Social forces  Structural forces (poverty, social inequality)  Social learning  Exposure though media o Psychological Forces
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