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SOC 1500 (763)

Lecture 3

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SOC 1500
Karyn Freedman

Lecture Three Wednesday, September 25, 2013 Early Settlement and Brief History  The Royal Proclamation 1763  British claimed sovereignty and not control or ownership of First Nations  The Quebec Act 1774- British relised that the French culture was really important to preserve and created the Quebec act to give French control over language and religion and protected French rights in Quebec  Constitution Act 1791- Loyalists (people who preferred the British crown and fled from the States to Canda) o Lower (Quebec) vs Upper (Ontario) Canada o Upper Canada is the start of regionalism o Loyalist became the Tories (conservatives), those who protests the Loyalists became reformers (became liberals) o There was a lot of tension between the English speaking and the French speaking, which was cultural, not political  Durham Report (Act of the Union) o Joined upper and lower Canada o United Province of Canada o Responsible Government- with the joining of the upper and lower Canada created a Paralement and the upper class (Priminister, MPs)  BNA Act 1867- Western alienation (Ontario Centric) o Solidified the relationship between provinces and the federal government  Statute of Westminister 1931 o Got our own constitution and really became our own country o Able to make own laws o Role of the governor general is the representative of the queen, however now there was a lot of talk of abolishing the governor general (2005, but would we still be Canada if we cut our ties with Britain? Regionalism (strong attachment to a geological location) - Western Alienation  Louis Riel and the Métis National Committee from provisional of Manitoba  Later led a rebellion in Saskatchewan (North-West Rebellion)  Executed 1885 in Regina for treason The national policy Consequences:  Not a national policy, but an imperial policy  Resource extraction from the west subsidized the ‘east’ (Windsor- Quebec)  Railways ran only East-West, not North- South because the purpose was to bring resources from the west to Ontario  CPR fees effectively amounted to subsidization of central Canadian industry  Upshot: the criticism was that it created an imperialist rather than a national policy Lecture Three Wednesday, September 25, 2013 The Western Political Reponses? Populism- People/ Elite  “A belief in the ability to ordinary people to act together politically”  Two Strains o Radical populism – a way to try to devalue democracy by taking away individual rights o Social Conservatism- based on traditional law, morality, resistance to change, decisions should be made by people and not the elite  Common theme: o Power is held by an (economic or political) elite o Elite is descendant and corruption because they are really focused on central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) and not so much other provinces Populism- The Reform Party Based on Preston Manning’s principles of social conservatism  Freedom of individual important than collective freedom e.g. no preferential treatment for natives, minorities, etc.  Capitalism even more important, which did not make sense for provinces in the west who were coming the central Canada for jobs  Western conservatives reject pandering to Quebec by PC government led by Mulroney  The Reform party was (initially) opposed to: o Group rights
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