SOC 1500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Walmart, Organized Crime, Social Control Theory

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5 Feb 2016
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Thursday, September 24th, 2015
SOC 1500 – Week 3
Week 3: Sociological Explanations
Social Structural Theories of Crime
Chicago Schoo
Human Ecology Model
oApplying to what humans do
oSome species can become incompatible to one another
Biology (invasion and dominance)
oTry to obtain scarce resources
Urban/city
oHow people move in and out of a city
Concentric Zones
How Chicago is characterized:
Zone 1
oLoop, most expensive land b/c it is at the center of the city
oEx. Banks, theatres, hotels, city hall
Zone 2 – transitional zone
oNext to business core
oAlways in transition
oOwners expected that they are going to be bought out
oRent is cheap
oImpoverish people
oThe inner-city – ethnic or religious ties to it (ex. Chinatown)
oHighest rates of crime
Zone 3 – Working class/residential
oWorking class families
oMigrated from zone 2 and are able to a8ord it
oEthnic/religious ties (ex. Little Italy)
Zone 4 – residential
oSmall business/o9ces (Ex. Doctors and dentists)
oBrighter than downtown
Zone 5 – commuter
oCommutes into the city to work
oSuburbia
oBigger houses
Social Disorganization
Shawn and McKay
Illegal conduct in zone 2
Disorganization
oNew immigrants, people moving in and out
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Thursday, September 24th, 2015
Policies
Policing
oMore police patrolling and using resources in zone 2
oFocus on zone 2 for counter disorganization
Community
oInclude more social organization
Organization
oBe better connected to each other
Education
Quality of life
oRecreation centers
oFocus on the community and better ties
Criticism
1. Class Bias
Assume middle-class is better
Appears disorganized
No crime exists outside
2. Discriminatory
Putting more police in one area causes problems
When they leave zone 2, leave crime behind
There is crime everywhere
Functionalism (Consensus)
Must serve a purpose and argment
Functions of deviance
oManifest – those that are intended
Make certain behaviors against the law
Society punishes criminals
oLatent – those that are unintended functions
Sending people to prison helps them to learn how to break
di8erent laws
4 Functions of Crime – according to Durkheim
1. Group Solidarity
Crime integrates members of society
Community standards are seriously violated – outrage
brings people together in an expression of common
indignation
Ex. A child being abducted
2. Boundary Setting
Boundary setting function
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