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SOC 2010 (63)

understanding race

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University of Guelph
SOC 2010
Linda Hunter

Dominant and Subordinate Groups • Subordinate or Minority Group – a group that is singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination. Minority groups experience a narrowing of life opportunities—for success, education, wealth, the pursuit of happiness—that goes beyond any personal shortcomings. A minority group does not share in proportion to its numbers in what a given society defines as valuable. Characteristics of Minority Groups: • Membership in a minority group is an ascribed status • Physical or cultural traits that distinguish minorities are held in low esteem by the dominant group • Minorities are unequally treated by the dominant group • Minorities tend to marry within their own group • Minorities possess a strong sense of solidarity and share a distinct identity • Minority status is based on subordination rather than size • Dominant or Majority Group – the group with the most power, the greatest privileges, and the highest social status. White America - The racial group that has within its power the ability to exploit and control other groups, even in the face of resistance; those in a place of social advantage White privilege - Whites, by virtue of their racial identity, receive special consideration in almost all facets of so
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