SOC 2012: ETHNICITY AND RACE RELATIONS
Gender is a social construction
o Conflict in society in terms of gender and trans gender
But labels are tied to women
Women are different
o General well being of female and male citizens
o Women generally live longer then men.
But they are the same
1. What is Ethnicity?
o People say they are Jewish (that is different because it is a
o Based on shared cultural experiences.
o 100s ethnic group in Canada…a while variety of groups living in
o Ethnicity shared this common ancestry (came from Afghanistan
there is once point when they came to Canada … historical roots
who are we?
o Shared norms, traditions and values (arranged marriages, food)
o Tim Horton’s for example “double double” is strictly a
Shared awareness based on culture
o Differential treatment based on ethnicity.
o Language (downtown Toronto you can hear 40 different languages)
Language is one of the essential parts of ethnicity and studying
Shared culture, language of being part of a certain
group...common shared awareness
o Shared awareness of what is right and wrong
Common values and language
2.What is Race?
Inherited physical characteristics
o Physical traits that make you part of a race )hair skin colour) this is
based in biology
o We all share most of our genes no matter what our race is
o “Biology matters “ (slaves. .. Holocaust)
o biology is not clear cut (we have mixed marriages )
Sociology: race as a construct
o Categories are based on colonialism
Social labels people have based upon race
Creates system where one group of people become better or
more “dominant” than another. Example: being “white”
o Labels (black, white, American , Canadian)
o Biology matters in identifying characteristics and features
Labels carry cultural meanings
3. Minority Groups
Are often singled out for unequal treatment
o Dominant group and minority group