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Lecture 2

SOC*2070 Lecture Week 2

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University of Guelph
SOC 2070
Linda Hunter

Monday, Jan 14, 2013 Erikson 1. Deviance and Boundary Maintenance for Communities - deviance is focal concerns of every community that is scrutinized A. Communities are Boundary Maintaining - geographical space, cultural space - every community occupies a specific space in the world, which marks it as a special place - a community maintains boundaries as its members tend to confine and limit them- selves to a confine and limit themselves to a certain range of conduct and behaviour Human communities maintain boundaries for the following reasons: - to retain a given pattern of consistent activity and behaviour - to make possible a degree of stability - to retain cultural integrity B. Marking and Publicizing Boundaries - how do people learn boundaries? - the networks of social interaction and relationships between members - the person labelled as deviant is one whose activities have moved outside the margins of the group - the most critical for publicizing boundaries are those which take place between deviant persons and official agents of the community including: - criminal trials & punishment - psychiatric determinations of sanity - Erikson states that newspapers and radio and television (and internet) offer much the same kind of entertainment as public hangings - a considerable portion of news is devoted to reports of deviance 2. Communities Promote Deviance A. Boundaries are not fixed and constant - over time there are changes in group structure and leadership - changes in the surrounding environment B. Deviance serves a positive function for community - provides the community with the opportunity to restate the group’s boundaries - marks the outer edges of a groups life and gives the inner structure its special charac- ter Monday, Jan 14, 2013 - helps develop an orderly sense of cultural identity Deviance has a positive function for 4 main reasons: - deviance affirms cultural values and norms - responding the deviance clarifies moral boundaries and promotes social unity - deviance encourages social change - communities tend to draw the line Culture of Voyeurism - voyeurism - society that watches other societies and our own, a fetish of exposing yourself - what behaviour is reasonable, what is outrageous? - facebook, instagram, reality TV - when do we feel too voyeuristic? - creeping too much on facebook - a voyeur used to be deviant - the dictionary describes someone who is a voyeur as a person who is sexually grati- fied from watching sexual acts and violence - history of voyeurism in the media - technology has completely redefined voyeurism, making it more socially acceptable and to the surface of our everyday lives - social voyeurism - finding enjoyment, pleasure or satisfaction in watching other peo- ple’s private lives Reality TV - earliest reality TV - Candid Camera - Docu-dramas - future programs will be more shocking, graphic, voyeuristic as demands are placed on the networks by viewers who require more stimulation - satisfies voyeuristic tendencies for viewers and also makes them feel better about their own deviant acts - has expanding technology motivated us to become voyeuristic or simply made our voyeuristic nature more acceptable? A bit of both Do reality TV shows serve a positive function? - reaffirm our normative values - remind us that we’re not that bad - therapeutic - celebrity rehab, therapeutic watching their struggle Monday, Jan 14, 2013 - public involvement in these programs - glamorize the outlandish Voyeurism and the Internet - what does our fascination/obsession with watching other people’s lives say about our society? - validate our self-worth, put ourselves out there, if you’re not online you’re not real - able to regulate yourself, self-monitoring - comparing yourself to others - socializes us faster, youth growing up faster - narcissistic - Cooper - fascinated by the details of other people’s lives - is this heightened interest in voyeurism a consequence of discounted lives in face to face interaction? - the more time we spend online and the less time we spend in the company of others, the more we need human connection for gratification - paradox - intimacy - transformed the way we communicate allowing us to maintain relationships we wouldn't be able to do otherwise - split-second convenience resulting in stress - information overload Online Behaviour and Presentation of Self (Impression Management) - Van Wyck (2010) researched online behaviours of university aged students - are offline behaviours the template for online behaviours? - research attempted to understand the ways in which FB users attempt to represent themselves: - attempt to ensure a Good Impression Online (deleting ugly pictures) - concern about Inaccurate or Incomplete Impressions (only good impressions) - Audience Segregation (present different parts of their identity to different groups) - Projecting Identity (differences between males and females, young women wanted to appear more fun than they are, men thought less about how they came across) - Showing vs Telling (feel the need to show aspects of themselves instead of telling) - Potential Romantic Relationships (facebook has an effect on relationships) Gender Differences Monday, Jan 14, 2013 - men were less likely to be aware of their engagement in impression management - women more concerned with impressions others form of them, more photos, more creeping - women were more conscious about gossip - women were more likely to use the word creep - men weren’t interested in the minute details of people’s lives Social Networking Sites and Online Gaming - relationships between online and offline social activity (Skardzius 2013) - the immersion of internet and technology based community - 3 arguments: 1) Negative Effect Argument - negative effect on face to face communica
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