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Lecture 5

SOC*2070 Lecture Week 5

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University of Guelph
SOC 2070
Linda Hunter

Monday, Feb 4, 2012 The Social Organization of Deviance The Social Organization of Deviance - Best and Luckenbill (1980) examines relationships among those labelled as deviant - these take many forms: (1) number of members, (2) task specialization, (3) stratifica- tion within group , and (4) type of authority structure - organized groups - providing greater resources to members, teach novices the skills - norms - values - skills and techniques A. Loners - the most solitary in interacting with others but keeping their attitudes behaviours or conditions secret - this category includes self-injurers, anorexics, bulimics - websites - forms of community Such websites provide several latent functions for participants: - they transmit technical and ideological know-how - they bring together persons into common discourse - they are global - cyber-communities provide a “space” for deviance to grow B. Colleagues - face-to-face relationships with others like themselves but do not need their cooperation to engage in activities - this category includes the homeless, and con artists - mutual association brings possibility of membership in a deviant subculture or counter- culture - the individual gains social support from colleagues for deviance C. Peers - engage in behaviours with others like themselves but have only minimal division of labour - this category includes neighborhood gangs who congregate with their friends but have little division of labour, except possibly a leader Monday, Feb 4, 2012 D. Crew - 3-12 persons who band together to engage in more sophisticated deviant acts with larger monetary payoffs such as theft, smuggling - crew deviance involves a complex division of labour involving specialized training adn socialization E. Formal Organizations - larger than crews and extending over time and space - such organizations may involve transnational links to other similar groups - drug cartels - they are ethnically homogenous, employ violence, and tare vertically and horizontally stratified, and have been known to infiltrate and corrupt law enforcement F. White Collar Crime - directly related to those persons and groups in a position to abuse financial, organiza- tional or political power - white collar crime can be divided into 2 main subsections: occupations and organiza- tional crime G. Occupational Crime - pursued by persons acting on their own behalf - this includes employees at all levels of organizations who may steal from their compa- nies, including embezzlement and computer crimes H. Organizational Crime - crime committed with the support of a legitimate formal organization and designed to advance the goal of the firm or the agency - unsafe products represents another area of organizational crime Miller - Gender and Victimization Risk Among Young Women in Gangs - an undeveloped area in the gang literature is the relationship between gang participa- tion and victimization risk - delinquent lifestyles are associated with an increased risk of victimization - gangs are social groups organized around delinquency and participation in gangs has been shown to escalate youth’s involvement in crime and violence - research on gang violence indicates that the primary targets of this violence are other gang members Monday, Feb 4, 2012 Gender, Gangs, and Violence A. Gangs as Protection and Risk - some girls suggest that being a gang member is a source of protection in the neighbor- hood - females offered a gendered sense of protection by belonging to a group that wa
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