Class Notes (808,298)
Canada (493,122)
Sociology (2,901)
SOC 2070 (337)
Lecture 6

SOC*2070 Lecture Week 6

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
SOC 2070
Linda Hunter

Monday, Feb 11, 2012 Appearance and Deviance Appearance Issues and Deviation - varies over time and place - are social and provoke labeling and stigmatization - potential to create communities, subcultures Scientific Standards - extreme “underweight” - anorexia nervosa - use of strategies to lose weight - a weight phobia - psychological symptoms - body image disturbances - amennorrhea - preoccupation with food issues - 5% of young women - often includes depression, irritability Young men -> muscle dysmorphia is more common than anorexia - “bigorexia” - obsession with weightlifting - anxiety/mood disorders, disordered eating attitudes, steroid use Causation Anorexia - ego-psychological theories - mother-child relationship - family systems theories - over-controlling family - endocrinological theories - hormonal effects - sociocultural theories - social norms that emphasize thinness Merton and Anomie - the average female fashion model is 20% thinner than is healthy and is significantly thinner than 50 years ago - Merton and Anomie - a gap between cultural ideals and real world possibilities - Conformity - acceptance of norms - Innovation - rejection of norms and new appearance rules Monday, Feb 11, 2012 - Rebellion - rejection of norms and rebellion against Social Control of “Weight Issues” - Commercial industry - e.g. pills, powders - more is spent on diet than on health and education, the more of us who are convinced that we are lacking in some way, the more that money is spent in diet and fitness industry - Medicalization - e.g. prescriptions, surgery - world health organization emphasize health risks of dieting, heart disease is a big problem, amphetamines prescribed for weightloss, other drugs recommended which aren’t health - Governments - e.g. tax deductions - by negatively impacting the health, nations experi- ence all kinds of economic strains, health care cost, absenteeism, lost tax revenue - Communities - e.g. recreational facilities - kids required to play in real sports during class time and not just at recess, some provinces have a mandatory amount of activity Resistance to the Social Typing of “Too Thin” - “Ana” websites - dangerous - tips for losing weight, charts about food, how calories are burned by different exercises, how to fool people into thinking they are eating, how to dress to not look anorexic - there is a resistant to some of these labels even though they are very unhealthy - Pervasiveness of weight-loss messages and products McLorg and Taub - Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia A. Data derived from self-help group, BANISH: Bulimics/Anorexics In Self-Help B. Conforming Behaviour - among most anorexics and bulimics, dieting figures prominently - dieters are conformists in adherence to cultural norms of thinness - diet for cosmetic reasons rather than for health - anorexics and bulimics are also conformist in their strong commitment to other conven- tional norms and goals: they excel at school and work, join honour societies etc - (over)conformity appears as pervasive in lives and families of anorexics and bulimics: close-knit families with strong attachment to parents - stark in conformity to cultural norms of thinness, achievement, compliance, and parental attachment - parents often preoccupied with food preparation, exercise and losing weight C. Primary Deviance - norm violations that do not affect person’s performance of social roles Monday, Feb 11, 2012 - they do not consider themselves to have an eating disorder - not until someone says they are getting too thin do they start to become obsessive about losing weight D. Secondary Deviance - gradually family and friends or medical personnel labeled respondents “anorexic” or “bulimic” - internalize these identities - admit they have a problem Other Thoughts of Eating Disorders - some argue that finding your place in the world plays a part - independence, autonomous, control - peer interaction - health consequences - health services, family services, prevention and education pro- grams, time loss from work Appearance and Punk Culture - break the appearance rules and form communities of like minded individuals - committed to achieving beauty and distinctiveness in an unconventional way - alternative visions on dress, body adornment - political ideas, social ideas - appearance issue because it is relatively recent but old enough to have seen it and come full circle - very political - subculture, unconventional - punk started in Britain - punk subculture helped change the way people talk about social inequality in late 1970s - economic recession - “no future” - rebellious - reintroduced working class and youth values of rebellion - exposing the wider public to issues of poverty in recession - emphasis on anarchy, violent revolt, no future, god save the queen - applied to music and also describe the subculture Monday, Feb 11, 2012 - DIY movement - documentary clips from “A Riot of my Own” examines Politics of appearance, Punk Culture, Music - Sex Pistols, Clash - counterculture movement of self expression and protest - politics of appearance issues - moral panics Body Modification, Body Projects and Appearance - lengthy history: - 5,000 year old Iceman - early Christian era - religious affiliation - European colonization - “primitives” - late 18th/early 19th centuries - carnivals - 1950s - working-class masculinity and subcultures (e.g. gangs, convicts) Types of Body Projects - Camouflaging = normative processes e.g. clothing, hairstyle, makeup - Extending = overcome physical limitations e.g. glasses, contact lenses, cane - Adapting = removing or repairing e.g. weight loss, hair removal, body building - Redesigning = reconstruction e.g. plastic surgery, body piercing, tattooing Depends upon location along the objective-subjective continuum - more objective end - characteristics of the person - most subjectivist end tells us about self, identity formation - more subjectivist end - characteri
More Less

Related notes for SOC 2070

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.