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Lecture 6

Week 6 Readings P2.docx

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University of Guelph
SOC 2070
Linda Hunter

WEEK 6 READING PART II: ADLER 279-290 CHAPTER 25: ANOREXIA NERVOSA AND BULIMIA - current appearance norms stipulate thinness– like any norms, entail rewards for compliance and negative sanctions for violations - fear of being overweight has led to a striving for thinness, especially among women - anorexics and bulimics exhibit distorted body images - anorexia nervosa – 20 – 25% loss of initial body weight occurs – results from self-starvation alone or in combination with excessive exercising, occasional binge-eating, vomiting and/or laxative abuse - bulimia denotes cyclical binge-eating followed by vomiting or laxative abuse – weight is normal or close to normal - common physical manifestations include menstrual cessation or irregularities and electrolyte imbalances, among behaviour traits are depression, obsessions/compulsions, and anxiety - bulimia affects 13% of college students - overall mortality rate of anorexia nervosa is 6% - as dieters, these individuals are conformist in their adherence to the cultural norms emphasizing thinness - slim bodies regarded as the most worthy and attractive - women view themselves as visual entities and recognize that conforming to appearance expectations and ‘becoming attractive objects are role obligations - pre-anorexics and –bulimics display notable conventionality as ‘model children’, the ‘pride and joy’ of their parents, accommodating themselves to the wishes of others - parents of these individuals emphasize conformity and value achievement - respondents felt that perfect or near-perfect grades were expected of them - individuals who develop anorexia nervosa and bulimia are strongly attached to their parents - respondent’s reported their fathers’ preoccupation with exercising and their mothers’ engrossment in food preparation - among the family, body size became a matter of ‘friendly rivalry’ Primary Deviance - dieters failed to maintain their lowered weights - many cited their lack of wil-power to eat only restricted foods - primary inducement for both eating adaptations was the drive for slimness: with slimness came more self-respect and a feeling of superiority over ‘unsuccessful dieters’ - primary deviance refers to a transitory period of norm violations which do not affect an individual’s self-concept or performance of
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