SOC 2070 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Bulimia Nervosa, Laxative, Eating Disorder

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WEEK 6 READING PART II: ADLER 279-290
CHAPTER 25: ANOREXIA NERVOSA AND BULIMIA
- current appearance norms stipulate thinness like any norms, entail rewards
for compliance and negative sanctions for violations
- fear of being overweight has led to a striving for thinness, especially among
women
- anorexics and bulimics exhibit distorted body images
- anorexia nervosa 20 25% loss of initial body weight occurs results from
self-starvation alone or in combination with excessive exercising, occasional
binge-eating, vomiting and/or laxative abuse
- bulimia denotes cyclical binge-eating followed by vomiting or laxative abuse
weight is normal or close to normal
- common physical manifestations include menstrual cessation or
irregularities and electrolyte imbalances, among behaviour traits are
depression, obsessions/compulsions, and anxiety
- bulimia affects 13% of college students
- overall mortality rate of anorexia nervosa is 6%
- as dieters, these individuals are conformist in their adherence to the cultural
norms emphasizing thinness
- slim bodies regarded as the most worthy and attractive
- women view themselves as visual entities and recognize that conforming to
appearance expectations and ‘becoming attractive objects are role
obligations
- pre-anorexics and –bulimics display notable conventionality as ‘model
children’, the ‘pride and joy’ of their parents, accommodating themselves to
the wishes of others
- parents of these individuals emphasize conformity and value achievement
- respondents felt that perfect or near-perfect grades were expected of them
- individuals who develop anorexia nervosa and bulimia are strongly attached
to their parents
- respondent’s reported their fathers’ preoccupation with exercising and their
mothers’ engrossment in food preparation
- among the family, body size became a matter of ‘friendly rivalry’
Primary Deviance
- dieters failed to maintain their lowered weights
- many cited their lack of wil-power to eat only restricted foods
- primary inducement for both eating adaptations was the drive for slimness:
with slimness came more self-respect and a feeling of superiority over
‘unsuccessful dieters’
- primary deviance refers to a transitory period of norm violations which do
not affect an individual’s self-concept or performance of social roles
- anorexics’ families and friends describing them as ‘well-groomed’, ‘neat’,
‘fashionable’, and ‘victorious’.
o Not until emaciation did some parents or fiends become concerned
and stop the praise
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Document Summary

Chapter 25: anorexia nervosa and bulimia current appearance norms stipulate thinness like any norms, entail rewards for compliance and negative sanctions for violations fear of being overweight has led to a striving for thinness, especially among women. Anorexics and bulimics exhibit distorted body images. Anorexia nervosa 20 25% loss of initial body weight occurs results from self-starvation alone or in combination with excessive exercising, occasional binge-eating, vomiting and/or laxative abuse. Bulimia denotes cyclical binge-eating followed by vomiting or laxative abuse. Weight is normal or close to normal common physical manifestations include menstrual cessation or irregularities and electrolyte imbalances, among behaviour traits are depression, obsessions/compulsions, and anxiety. Overall mortality rate of anorexia nervosa is 6% As dieters, these individuals are conformist in their adherence to the cultural norms emphasizing thinness slim bodies regarded as the most worthy and attractive. Women view themselves as visual entities and recognize that conforming to appearance expectations and becoming attractive objects are role obligations.

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