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Lecture

SOC 2070 Lecture Notes - White-Collar Crime, Complex Number, Bulimia Nervosa


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2070
Professor
Linda Hunter

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February 4, 2013 SOC 2070 Lecture the evening of Midterm 1
The Social Organization of Deviance
- Best and Luckenbill examines relationships among those labeled as deviant.
These take many forms:
o Numbers of members, task specialization, stratification within group,
type of authority structure
- Organized groups providing greater resources and services to members,
pass on values, teach novices skills and techniques required and help one
another out when they get into trouble
- Talk about the “loner”, colleagues, peers, etc.
- LONERS
o The most solitary in interacting with others but keeping their
attitudes, behaviours and conditions a secret
o This category includes self-injurers, anorectics, bulimics
o Websites forms of community connect anonymously many of
these websites have been shut down some websites report they help
but many actually reinforce these behaviours if they are supportive
and accepting
o Such websites provide several latent functions for participants:
They transmit technical and ideological know-how
They bring together persons into common discourse
They are global
- COLLEAGUES
o Face-to-face relationships with others like themselves but do not need
their cooperation to engage in activities
o This category includes the homeless, and con artists
o Mututal association brings possibility of membership in a deviant
subculture of counterculture
o The individual gains social support
- PEERS
o Engage in behaviours with other likes themselves but have only
minimal division of labour
o This category includes neighbourhood gangs who congregate with
their friends but have little division of labour, except possibly a leader
- CREW
o 3-12 persons who band together to engage in more sophisticated
deviant acts with larger monetary payoffs such as theft, smuggling
o crew deviance involves a complex division of labour involving
specialized training and socialization
- FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS
o Larger than crews and extending over time and space
o Such organizations may involve transnational links to other similar
groups drug cartels
o They are ethnically homogeneous, employ violence, and are vertically
and horizontally stratified, and have been known to infiltrate and
corrupt law enforcement
- WHITE COLLAR CRIME
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February 4, 2013 SOC 2070 Lecture the evening of Midterm 1
o Directly related to those persons and groups in a position to abuse
financial, organizational or political power
o White collar crime can be divisional………
- OCCUPATIONAL CRIME
o Pursued by persons acting on their own behalf
o This includes employees at all levels of organizations who may steal
from their companies including embezzlement and computer crimes
- ORGANIZATIONAL CRIME
o Crime committed with the support of a legitimate formal organization
and designed to advance the goals of the firm or the agency
o Unsafe products represents another area of organizational crime
MILLER Gender and Victimization Risk Among Young Women in Gangs
- researched who offers glimpse into contemporary and urban world of street
gangs
- they associate together and need each other to function (referring to gangs)
- adding a lot of female members recently
- she found that women gain a status and social life and even some protection
from the hazards of street life they can also exchange that for a new set of
dangers and violence both from rival gang members and also from their
own gang as well
- dilemmas and risks of this young women discussed by Miller
- an undeveloped area in the gang literature is the relationship between gang
participation and victimization risk
- delinquent lifestyles are associated with an increased risk of victimization
- gangs are social groups organized around delinquency and participation in
hangs has been shown to escalate youth’s involvement in crime and violence
- research on gang violence indicates that the primary targets of this violence
are other gang members
- Genders, Gangs, and violence
o Gangs as Protection and Risk
Some girls suggest that being a gang member is a source of
protection in the nieghbourhood
Females offered a gendered sense of protection by belonging to
a group that was mostly male: male gang members could
retaliate against violent acts to girls in gang
“because you can be protected by guys, not as many people
mess with you”
members should be tough, able to fight, engage in criminal
activities, be loyal to the group and be willing to put oneself out
there
o Gender, status, crime and Victimization
Status hierarchies within Columbus gangs, like elsewhere, are
male-dominated
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