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Lecture

SOC 2070 Lecture Notes - Harm Reduction, Treatment As Prevention, Escort Agency


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2070
Professor
Linda Hunter

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March 25, 2013 SOC2070
B.J. Caldwell HIV Prevention/HIV Stigma
- HIV/STI Prevention and Outreach Educator, AIDS Committee of Guelph
Agenda
- brief overview of transmission
- HIV Stigma and Vulnerability
o Focus on injection drug use
- Local Harm Reduction Programs (IDU-based)
HIB Transmission (Sexual)
- not as easy as most people think
- even without condoms, it does not transmit 100% of the time (not even
close)
- only 5 common body fluids can transmit HIV
o blood
o semen
o rectal fluids
o vaginal fluids
o breast milk
- saliva CANNOT transmit HIV
HIV Transmission (Sexual)
- many factors affect the likelihood of transmission:
o the HIV + persons viral load (high viral load, more likely to transmit;
undetectable viral load, very unlikely)
o whether either person has a current STI other than AIDS (even
without symptoms) it puts you at a greater risk!
o the integrity of the mucosal membrane (especially vaginal
walls/cervix and rectal walls)
o consistent and proper use of condoms/lube make transmission
exceedingly rare, if not impossible
o GETTING AIDS IS NOT ALL THAT INFECTIOUS THAT’S THE BIG
STIGMA! PEOPLE THINK IT’S SO EASY TO GET, IT’S NOT!
- up to 85% of women with chlamydia have NO symptoms (and about half of
guys have no symptoms! In other words... get tested regularly!)
- don’t use Trojan condoms something about spermicide in the Trojan!
- Lube use KY not the ‘mustard packet’ shit… it’s a ‘whole different
experience’…….. buddy recommended this one as his favourite.. awkward
turtle
HIV Stigma in Canada
- 1 in 10 Canadians believe HIV can be acquired by kissing, mosquitoes,
sneeze/cough, fountains/toilets
- Canadians increasingly likely to believe that HIV can be diagnosed by a
physical exam (17% vs 8%)
- 88% rate their own personal risk as low
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